Kimbundu


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kimbundu

 

(also Ndongo), the language of the Bambundu people, spoken in northern Angola. Kimbundu belongs to the Bantu language family. There are approximately 1.3 million speakers of Kimbundu (1967, estimate).

The Kimbundu phonetic system is characterized by the presence of elements of vowel harmony and by the assimilation of nasal resonants. There are tones, which fulfill semantic functions. The system of concordial classes includes locative classes with prefixes. Class prefixes are monosyllabic. In the verb a major role is played by a system of derivational suffixes with complex combinatorial analysis. The word order is subject-predicate-object. The concordial system is strictly maintained.

REFERENCES

Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) as a linguistic mechanism of restructuring the form of the creole spoken in the maroon communities under the increasing influence of Kimbundu. By the time Kimbundu-speaking slaves began to be imported, it is quite possible that nativized ST had attained a level of stability which hampered further substantial influence.
Combining the fruit's Kimbundu lexeme with an Arabo-Iberian word for olive oil, the creole compound 'azeite-de-Dende' became the standard term for palm oil in Bahia, and the palm itself became known as the dendezeiro.
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%, European 1%.
(5) Coata-coata = kuata-kuata, from the Kimbundu verb kikuata = to catch, in this context conveys the chaos of "grad-grab" or "snatch-snatch" in English; see Antonio de Oliveira de Cadornega.
Ortiz Oderigo y Thompson rastrean la palabra "candombe" hasta las lenguas Kimbundu y Ki-Kongo pertenecientes a regiones de Angola y Congo, respectivamente.