proprioception

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Related to Kinaesthetics: kinesthetic sense

Proprioception

The sense of position and movement of the limbs and the sense of muscular tension. The awareness of the orientation of the body in space and the direction, extent, and rate of movement of the limbs depend in part upon information derived from sensory receptors in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Information from these receptors, called proprioceptors, is normally integrated with that arising from vestibular receptors (which signal gravitational acceleration and changes in velocity of movements of the head), as well as from visual, auditory, and tactile receptors. Sensory information from certain proprioceptors, particularly those in muscles and tendons, need not reach consciousness, but can be used by the motor system as feedback to guide postural adjustments and control of well-practiced or semiautomatic movements such as those involved in walking.

Receptors for proprioception are the endings of peripheral nerve fibers within the capsule or ligaments of the joints or within muscle. These endings are associated with specialized end organs such as Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini's cylinders, and Golgi organs (the latter resembling histologic Golgi structures in the skin), and muscle spindles. See Cutaneous sensation, Sensation, Somesthesis

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

proprioception

[‚prō·prē·ə′sep·shən]
(physiology)
The reception of internal stimuli.
(psychology)
Sensory awareness of one's location with regard to the external environment.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, if the radical reduction to the living present is to be radically attuned to the style of givenness of the matters that are at stake here, my task is not even to make what I am experiencing into an "object" of my attention at all; instead, what I am thematizing in lucid awareness is how I am living-through what I am experiencing, in the ongoing immediacy of the kinaesthetics of undergoing precisely "this," of resisting or yielding to it in precisely this way as it shifts and unfurls (37).
(36) For example, my research into the kinaesthetics of undergoing is relevant to restorative embodiment practices.
To bring this to light as a prejudice, however, requires retrieving constituting subjectivity from anonymity and inquiring into its achievements (11); for example, although kinaesthetic performances play several major constitutive roles, kinaesthetic life itself often remains doubly anonymous--not only "out of awareness," but "proceeding without the explicit control of the active, awake I"--and these performances should accordingly be thematized and described.