Kineme

Kineme

 

the smallest unit of speech articulation—that is, the feature of a sound (phoneme) that is determined by the position or movement of the speech organs (according to the definition of I. A. Baudouin de Courtenay). For example, Russian p, b, and m have in common the kineme of labiality. The kineme is opposed to the acousma, an acoustic feature of sound (phoneme). The concepts of kineme and acousma are similar to the modern notion of the distinctive feature of a phoneme. The smallest unit of mime (gestural) speech is also sometimes called the kineme.

References in periodicals archive ?
These ranges the nurses reported as "open-eyed," "droopy-lidded," "squinting," and "eyes squeezed tight," all of which they distinguished from "just open" and "closed." Each of these classes of allokines or variants within a range, we define as kinemes. A kineme may thus include any number of kines as long as these kines can be seen to be allokinic.
These dimensions must be explicitly defined before a given act (kineme in social context) or action (kinemorpheme in social context) can be isolated and measured.