Kinetoplastida


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Kinetoplastida

An order of the class Zoomastigophorea in the phylum Protozoa, also known as Protomastigida, containing a heterogeneous group of colorless flagellates possessing one or two flagella in some stage of their life cycle. These small organisms (5-89 μm in length) typically have pliable bodies. Some species are holozoic and ingest solid particles, while others are saprozoic and obtain their nutrition by absorption.

There is disagreement on the division of the order into families. However, the five or more families can be divided into two general groups (see illustration). The first group contains simple organisms with no distinctive features save one or two flagella of equal or unequal length (includes the families Oikomonadidae, Amphimonadidae, Monadidae, and Bodonidae). The second group contains organisms which have an undulating membrane in addition to one or two flagella (includes Trypanosomatidae and Cryptobiidae). The most important family is the Trypanosomatidae, since it includes several species that infect humans and domestic animals with serious diseases, such as African sleeping sickness. See Cilia and flagella

Representative genera of families of order Kinetoplastidaenlarge picture
Representative genera of families of order Kinetoplastida
McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Kinetoplastida

[kə‚ned·ə′plas·tə·də]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of colorless protozoans in the class Zoomastigophorea having pliable bodies and possessing one or two flagella in some stage of their life.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The order Kinetoplastida (Baldauf et al., 2000) includes human-pathogenic parasites such as Leishmania spp.
Leishmania parasites (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) reversibly inhibit visceral muscle contractions in hemimetabolous and holometabolous insects.
First detection of Leishmania infantum (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in Culicoides spp.
This parasitic disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi (family, Trypanosomatidae and order, Kinetoplastida), a hemoflagellate protozoa [3], which can be found on several strains with different mechanisms of pathogenesis, immunogenicity, treatment response, and epidemiology [4].
major (Yakimoff and Schokhor) (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the principal agent of ZCL (4-5).
Pronin, "New Kinetoplastid species (Kinetoplastida: Kinetoplastidea)" in Index of Animal Species in Inhabiting Lake Baikal and its Area, O.
Franco, "Isoenzymatic characterization of human isolates of Leishmania sp (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) from the municipalities of Rio Preto da Eva and Manaus, State of Amazonas," Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, vol.
Infeccion natural de Lutzomvia cayennensis cavennensis con parasitos tripanosomastideos (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatide) en los Montes de Maria, Colombia.
The family Trypanosomatidae (Eugelenozoa, Kinetoplastida), which includes genera Leishmania, is one of the oldest groups of eukaryotes with a number of species that causes a range of debilitating or fatal diseases (1).
In vivo and In vivo cell mediated immune responses to rainbow trout, Onchorhychus myhiss (Walbaum) against Cryptobia salmositica Katz 1951 (Sarcomastgophora, Kinetoplastida).