Although Oliver has noted that the geography of the plot seems "confusing", Haynes-Berry has claimed that the voyages that Horn take "become a signal of the beginning of another phase of Horn's career", and they seem to indicate another level in his growth (King Horn and Suddene 102; Cohesion in King Horn 661).
"Cohesion in King Horn and Sir Orfeo".Speculum 50 (1975): 652-670.
Liszka, "Talk in the Camps: On the Dating of the South English Legendary, Havelok the Dane, and King Horn in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Laud Misc.
(10) Derek Pearsall, "The Development of Middle English Romance," Mediaeval Studies 27 (1965): 105; John Finlayson, "King Horn and Havelok the Dane: A Case of Mistaken Identities," Medievalia et Humanistica n.s.
Liszka, attempts to determine the date of origin of the SEL, Havelok the Dane, and King Horn
, compiling a meticulous chronological list of other scholars' findings on the matter and juxtaposing the results with his own.
Other analyzable early borrowings with the date of their first occurrence are hermitage 'a hermitage' (The place-names of the East Riding of Yorkshire and York 1280, see Smith 1937), pelrinage 'a pilgrimage', servage 'servitude, bondage, slavery' and taillage 'a royal land tax' (South English Legendary 1300), barnage 'the nobility' (Floris and Blauncheflur, Havelok the Dane and King Horn
, all 1300) and passage 'the act of crossing or passing from one place to another' (South English Legendary, King Horn
and Eleven Pains of Hell (2), all 1300).
Before King Horn
, early in the fourteenth-century section of the manuscript, is a Latin prose 'life' of the martyred eighth-century East Anglian king Ethelbert: Ethelbert's body was translated to restrictive criteria that are not enforced in the compilation of a miscellany' (Marilyn Corrie, 'Harley 2253, Digby 86, and the Circulation of Literature in Pre-Chaucerian England', in Fein, Studies, pp.
In the final chapter, Garner considers the poems King Horn
, Havelok the Dane, Sir Orfeo, and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
In this essay I will examine the "open secret" model of marriage as it appears in Syr Launfal and two other Middle English texts, King Horn
and The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnell.
1325 copied the text of King Horn
in British Library MS Harley 2253 evidently only had an oblique form <him> in his active repertoire and the two instances of <hyne>, in lines 1038 and 1195, are plainly relict forms from the exemplar or an antecedent of the exemplar, as also is the single instance of <hine> in line 1028 the equivalent of line 1038 in the Harley 2253 text) of the version of King Horn
in Cambridge University Library MS Gg.
The last booklet contains Havelok the Dane (fols 204[r]-219[v]) and another early romance, King Horn
(fols 219[v]-228[r]), both in a hand also contemporary with those that transcribed the other booklets.
When, however, the modern reader turns to the Laud manuscript's romances, Havelok the Dane and King Horn
, that follow the SEL, the horizon of expectation shifts as we read the poems for romance, not spiritual, features: exaltation of nobility, accretion of secular power to the hero, courtly love, chivalry.