Kinixys


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kinixys

 

(hinged-back tortoises), a genus of land tortoises (family Testudinidae). The shell measures as much as 25–30 cm in length. The upper shell, or carapace, is domelike and bordered with hinged portions that are sometimes extremely jagged. The rear third of the carapace is mobile and completely covers the posterior portion of the body, being drawn down against the lower shell, or plastron.

The genus embraces three species, which are distributed in tropical Africa and on Madagascar. The tortoises inhabit rain forests as well as shrub thickets. They are terrestrial but at times enter water. They feed on fallen fruits and the like.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Villa gers conduct traditional hunting (most frequently blue duikers, porcupines, snakes, tortoises (Kinixys erosa and other spp.), primates and occasionally dwarf crocodiles), fishing, crop cultivation and keep poultry.
2006) Species Villages Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Porcupine (Atherurus africanus) 3,40 3,40 3,40 Pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) 2,00 - - Antelope (Tragelaphus spp.) 42,00 - - Blue duiker (Philantomba monticola) 4,20 4,20 4,20 Primate (Cercopithecus spp.) 4,20 4,20 - Gambian rat (Cricetomys spp.) 1,30 - - Snake (Python sebae) 7,40 7,40 - Crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis) 10,00 10,00 - Tortoise (Kinixys erosa and other spp.) - 1,60 - Cane rate (Thryonomys swinderianus) - - 4,20 Squirrel (Funiscurus and Paraxerus spp) - - 0,40 Median 4,20 4,20 3,80 Mean weight 9,31 5,13 3,05
A combined follow-up by police, National Parks and the Zimbabwe SPCA to a report made by the Save Valley Conservancy led to the recovery of over 13 live Bell's Hinged tortoises (Kinixys belliana) (CITES Appendix II) which were being kept in a large drum prior to being dropped in boiling water alive before being eaten, along with the skeletal remains of a further 40.
1 niloticus Veranus niloticus T S 1 T S 1 Python sebae E I -- Dendrospis viridis T I -- T A 1 Kinixys erosa T I -- Key: F = footprint; C = Call, S = Direct sighting, D = Droppings, A = Activity sites, I = Information (interview) Threatened = T, Endangered = E, Vulnerable = V, Extinct = Ex Table 2: Distribution of avifauna at the study locations Table 2A.