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Kir(kûr), in the Bible. 1 Unidentified land to which Tiglathpileser IIITiglathpileser III,
d. 728 B.C., king of ancient Assyria. He seems to have usurped the throne in 745 B.C. He bore the alternative name of Pul, by which he was known in biblical history (2 Kings 15.19).
..... Click the link for more information. banished the Syrians, credited by Amos as the original home of the Aramaeans (see AramAram
, ancient country and people centered in Damascus in S Syria between the 11th and 8th cent. B.C. The Bible records constant contacts between the Hebrews and Aram. The Aramaeans spoke Aramaic, which is a term that refers to a family of languages, of which Syriac is a part.
..... Click the link for more information. ). 2 Place in MoabMoab
, ancient nation located in the uplands E of the Dead Sea, now part of Jordan. The area is unprotected from the east, hence its history is a chain of raids by the Bedouin.
..... Click the link for more information. , identified with Kir-haraseth, Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, and Kir-heres.
a rock that is a mixture of hardened petroleum or asphalt and arenaceous or argillaceous material.
Kir is found as sinters where oil-bearing beds are exposed to the surface; it therefore serves as a useful sign in prospecting for petroleum deposits.