Kirghiz Kaganate

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kirghiz Kaganate


an early feudal state of the Enisei Kirghiz that existed from the second half of the sixth century to the early 13th century.

In 758 the kaganate became a dependency of the Uighur, although the tribal leaders retained control. Kirghiz forces led by Kagan Iaglakar began to resist the Uighurs in 820, defeating them in 840. The kaganate extended its rule over Mongolia and eastern Turkestan. It established diplomatic and commercial relations with China, aiding China’s struggle against the Uighur. After the conquest of Mongolia by the Kara-Kitai in 924, the Kirghiz were pushed back to the Minusinsk Basin. In 1209 the state was conquered by Genghis Khan.


Bartol’d, V. V. Kirgizy. Frunze, 1943.
Bemshtam, A. N. Istoricheskoe proshloe kirgizskogo naroda. Frunze, 1942.
Kiselev, S. V. Drevniaia istoriia Iuzhnoi Sibiri, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.