Kiriak Samsonovich Zavriev
Zavriev, Kiriak Samsonovich
Born Jan. 16 (28), 1891, in Tbilisi. Soviet scientist in the areas of structural mechanics and earthquake proofing of structures; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR (1941). Honored Worker in Science and Engineering of the Georgian SSR. Member of the CPSU since 1940. Graduated from the St. Petersburg Institute of Railway Engineers in 1914.
Zavriev’s main works are on the theory of structures. He was the first to propose a method of structural design according to destructive loads (1913). He also proposed and developed a dynamic theory of earthquake resistance (1926) and was the first to prove the feasibility of erecting earthquake-proof stone structures and to suggest the use of antiseismic strips in buildings. Zavriev was prominent in achieving a wide acceptance of structures built with lightweight concrete. He also designed many large bridges of the Transcaucasian Railroad and the Cheliuskin Bridge in Tbilisi. Since 1941 he has been the director of the Institute of Structural Mechanics and Earthquake-proofing of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR. He has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and medals.