Kiritimati


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Kiritimati

(kərĭs`məs), largest atoll in the Pacific (1990 pop. 2,537), 222 sq mi (575 sq km), in the Line IslandsLine Islands
or Equatorial Islands,
coral group, 43 sq mi (111 sq km), central and S Pacific. Once valuable for their guano deposits, the islands now have coconut groves, airfields, and meteorological stations.
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, one of the island groups that compose the Republic of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2015 est. pop. 112,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
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. It was previously called Christmas Island when it made up part of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The island's chief agricultural product is copra. The airstrip there is used an emergency runway for trans-Pacific commercial flights. The atoll was explored by Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 in 1777, annexed by Great Britain in 1888, and included in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony in 1919. British nuclear tests were conducted on the atoll in 1957 and 1958 and U.S. tests in 1962.

Kiritimati

an island in the central Pacific, in Kiribati: one of the Line Islands; the largest atoll in the world. Pop.: 3225 (1995)
References in periodicals archive ?
and Wewak in Papua New Guinea, Noro in the Solomon Islands, Kiritimati
Some of Kiritimati's corals, for example, are showing tentative signs of a comeback.
Phylogenetic Analysis of a MicrobialiteForming Microbial Mat from a Hypersaline Lake of the Kiritimati Atoll, Central Pacific.
Captain Cook visited Kiritimati - Christmas Island.
The United States (USA) conducted tests in the Marshall Islands (1946-1958) and on Johnston Atoll and Christmas (Kiritimati) Island (1962), while the United Kingdom tested bombs in remote inland Australia (1952-1963) and on Christmas and Malden Islands (1957-1958), and the French at Moruroa and Fangataufa (1966-1992, 1995-1996).
However the very first country to celebrate the end of 2012 and the beginning of the new year was the Kiritimati, or Christmas Island, an atoll in the deep pacific ocean part of the Republic of Kiribati.
Crew members on foreign fishing vessels in Kiribati or in its territorial waters around Tarawa and Kiritimati Island allegedly exploit prostituted children, some reportedly as young as 14, in local hotels and aboard their vessels.
Figure 8 from Kiritimati in the Line Islands, however, is an exception in lacking the narrow dark stripes ventrally on the body and in having numerous white spots (as well as bright yellow pectoral fins).
The Line Islands include both protected, unfished areas, such as Kingman Reef and the Palmyra atoll, and inhabited islands such as Kiritimati (also known as Christmas).
In 1956, Mr Brook was posted to Christmas Island, now known as Kiritimati. He left in 1957 after 12 months, having witnessed two nuclear weapon tests, but returned in 1958 and spent 12 months on Christmas Island witnessing a further three tests.
He added: "I always remember that on the air strip (on Kiritimati) after one of the tests, we were shown a silent film of a nuclear explosion in Australia.
I will also be checking on the website timeanddate.com to see which place on the globe will celebrate the New Year first (I believe it will be Kiritimati, Christmas Islands in the Indian Ocean), and I will follow the clock down to Tokyo, Beijing and Jakarta, and so on.