Kirkuk


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Kirkuk

(kĭrko͞ok`), city (1987 pop. 418,624), NE Iraq. It is a center of Iraq's oil industry and is connected by pipelines to ports on the Mediterranean Sea. Kirkuk is a market for the region's produce, including cereals, olives, fruits, and cotton. There is a small textile industry. Kirkuk is built on a mound containing the remains of a settlement dating back to 3000 B.C. Kirkuk's population is mix of Turkmen (or Turkomans; ethnic Turks), Kurds, and Arabs as well as many minorities; forced resettlement of many Kurds in the late 20th cent. reduced their numbers in the city and prompted a Kurdish migration back into the city and the surrounding province after the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Kurdish forces controlled (2014–17) the city after the Iraqi army abandoned it in the face of a Sunni Islamist offensive, but Iraqi forces retook it after Kurds voted for independence.

Kirkuk

 

a city in northeastern Iraq, in Kurdistan. Administrative center of the muhafaza (governorate) of Kirkuk. Population, 175,000 (1965). Railroad station and highway junction. Kirkuk is the center of a large oil-producing region. Oil pipelines lead from Kirkuk to the ports of Baniyas (in Syria) and Tripoli (in Lebanon). There is an oil refinery nearby. Sulfur is also produced.

Kirkuk

a city in NE Iraq: centre of a rich oilfield with pipelines to the Mediterranean. Pop.: 548 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kurds were seeking to redress 35 years of ethnic cleansing, encouraging those expelled from Kirkuk to return while at the same time pressuring "new" citizens brought up from the south to leave.
The statement added that the Iraqi pro-government forces have restored security to the villages of Maryam Beik, Maktab Khalid passageway, Maktab Khalid, al-Riyadh road, al-Rashaad road, New area, Daqouq area, Yayzi area, Turklan police center, Majsar Tikrit, al-Houli road South of Kirkuk and two oilfields of Bay Hassan and Afana.
The region around Kirkuk was known historically in the Eastern Aramaic and Syriac Assyrian sources as "Beth Garmai".
The proportion of Turkmens, who speak Turkish, in the population of Kirkuk decreased throughout the decades as a result of a brutal assimilation policy by the Iraqi authorities.
The unnamed source added that ambulances rushed to the scene and transferred bodies to the forensic medicine and the wounded to Kirkuk hospital for necessary medical treatment.
Now, officials in Kirkuk say the UN efforts may be the last chance for a peaceful outcome.
At the same time, the day of female suicide bombers was yielding massacres in Baghdad although the situation in Kirkuk was far more serious.
They only care about Kirkuk, and they only care about Kirkuk because of the oil."
With its mix of Arab, Assyrian, Kurdish and Turkomen communities, Kirkuk is something of a test case for co-existence and stability in the new Iraq.
The Hashd al-Sha'abi fighters were deployed reinforcements to Tis'een neighborhood in the provincial capital city of Kirkuk, claiming they would protect residents in the area, Kurdistan 24 reported.
"When ISIL carries out an attack on Kirkuk, a great war will erupt here.
Baghdad: Prime Minister Nouri Al Maliki has commissioned a special committee of the Council of Ministers to urgently prepare a report on the potential outbreak of armed conflict in Kirkuk.