Kirovsk


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Kirovsk

(kē`rəfsk), city (1989 pop. 43,500), N European Russia, on the Kola Peninsula. The city is the center of a mining complex that produces apatite and nephelite, raw materials for the superphosphate and aluminum industries. It was founded in 1929 as Khibinogorsk.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kirovsk

 

(until 1934, Khibinogorsk; renamed in honor of S. M. Kirov), city (since 1931) in Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated in spurs of the Khibiny range, on the shore of Lake Bol’shoi Bud’iavr. The terminus of a 22-km railroad branch from the city of Apatity. Population, 38,000 (1970). During the 1920’s rich deposits of apatite and nepheline were discovered in the Khibiny Mountains by a party led by Academician A. E. Fersman, and mining was begun in 1929.

Kirovsk itself has mines, an ore-dressing plant, and a furniture factory. Scientific and educational institutions include an evening branch of the Leningrad Mining Institute, a mining technicum, a medical school, and the lukspor meteorological station for the study of avalanches. The house where Kirov directed plans for the development of local apatite deposits in 1929 is now a museum in his honor. Kirovsk is also the site of the most northerly polar-alpine botanical gardens in the world.


Kirovsk

 

a city (since 1962) in Voroshilovgrad Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Lugan’ River (a tributary of the Severskii Donets), 4 km from the Golubovka railroad station on the Kamyshevakha-Debal’tsevo line. Population, 45,000 (1970). Coal is mined there. There are also food-processing enterprises and a mining-transport technicum.


Kirovsk

 

a city (until 1953, the settlement of Nevdubstroi) in Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR. Landing on the left bank of the Neva River, 52 km from Leningrad. Railroad station (Nevdubstroi). There is a plant for the production of reinforced-concrete structures. Kirovsk also has a State Regional Electric Power Plant.


Kirovsk

 

an urban-type settlement in Lenkoran’ Raion, Azerbaijan SSR, 12 km northwest of Lenkoran’. It was established in 1932 in connection with the organization of a sovkhoz for the cultivation of tea. There is a tea-processing factory.


Kirovsk

 

an urban-type settlement and center of Kirovsk Raion, Mogilev Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, 25 km from the Berezina railroad station on the Minsk-Zhlobin line. It has a building-materials combine, flax-processing mill, a vegetable-drying factory, and a dairy.


Kirovsk

 

an urban-type settlement in Tedzhen Raion, Mary Oblast, Turkmen SSR. It is located in the Tedzhen oasis, 36 km north of the Tedzhen railroad station on the Mary-Ashkhabad line. There is a people’s amateur theater. Cotton is grown in the region.


Kirovsk

 

an urban-type settlement in Krasnyi Liman Raion, Donetsk Oblast. Ukrainian SSR, on the Zherebets River (a tributary of the Severskii Donets), 10 km from the lampol’ railroad station on the Krasnyi Liman-Nikitovka line. There are food-processing enterprises.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The painting pops up in the living room of a former Miss Siberia, from Kirovsk, who gives it to a childhood friend, in memory of his brother who also died in that meadow.
Orica will work with Apatit in the construction of an ammonium nitrate emulsion plant Apatit's mine site at Kirovsk. The contract will involve the supply of up to 70,000 tonnes of explosives per annum for ten years, as well as logistics and 'down the hole' services.
The total general case rate (calculated as number of cases previously diagnosed + number newly diagnosed X 1000 / total population of the region) increased steadily from 1991 to 2000, from 77.9 to 105.2 in Apatity and from 52 to 66.9 in Kirovsk.
In 1990, the Apatite Production Association mining the Khibiny deposit on the Kola Peninsula entered into an agreement with Norway's Norsk Hydro to increase production capacity at the Kirovsk mine at Khibiny.
Its sources said a man, born in 1964, and a woman born in 1984, died at the Kukisvumchorr Pass, in the town of Kirovsk, Murmansk region.
At the time, when the entire settlement around the lake consisted of the Russian telegraph and railroad stations and a few Saami huts, expedition members could not have dreamed that their findings would result in the cities of Apatity, Monchegorsk, and Kirovsk. The expedition's unlikely dream turned into Kola's nightmare, as this part of the peninsula became a site of tremendous human misery.