Kirshon, Vladimir Mikhailovich
Born Aug. 6 (19), 1902, in Nal’chik; died July 28, 1938. Soviet Russian playwright. Became a member of the CPSU in 1920. Participant in the Civil War of 1918–20.
Kirshon graduated from the la. M. Sverdlov Communist University in Moscow in 1923. He was one of the leaders of the Russian Association of Proletarian Writers (RAPP) and the All-Union Society of Associations of Proletarian Writers (VOAPP). His plays, which include Konstantin Terekhin (Red Rust; coauthor, A. Uspenskii, 1927), The Rails Are Humming (1928), The City of Winds (1929), Bread (1930), The Trial (1933), The Miraculous Alloy (1934), and The Great Day (1936), are distinguished by their topicality and keen awareness of social problems. The principal characters of his plays represent the new leader—a staunch Bolshevik-Leninist. Kirshon’s works have been translated into the languages of the peoples of the USSR and into foreign languages.
WORKSDramaticheskie proizvedeniia. Moscow, 1957.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1958.
Stat’i i rechi o dramaturgii, teatre i kino. P’esy V. M. Kirshona na stsene. Vospominaniia o V. M. Kirshone. Moscow, 1962.
O literature i iskusstve: Stat’i i vystupleniia. Moscow, 1967. (Bibliography.)
REFERENCESLunacharskii, A. V. Sobr. soch. v 8 tt, vol. 2, Moscow, 1964, pp. 544–51; vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, pp. 433–38.
“Gor’kii i sovetskie pisateli: Neizdannaia perepiska.” In Literaturnoe nasledstvo, vol. 70, Moscow, 1963.
Tamashin, L. Vladimir Kirshon: Ocherk tvorchestva. Moscow, 1965.
E. A. POLOTSKAIA