Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Stanleyville,city (1996 est. pop. 500,000), capital of Tshopo prov., N central Congo (Kinshasa), a port on the Congo River. The city is the terminus of steamer navigation on the Congo from KinshasaKinshasa
, city (1984 pop. 2,664,309), capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, W Congo, a port on Pool Malebo of the Congo River. It is the Congo's largest city and its administrative, communications, and commercial center.
..... Click the link for more information. and is a transportation center for NE Congo. It is on a short rail line (to Ubundi) that skirts the Boyoma FallsBoyoma Falls
, formerly Stanley Falls,
seven cataracts on the Lualaba River, extending c.60 mi (100 km) between Kisangani and Ubundu, N central Congo (Kinshasa), central Africa. The falls have a drop of c.200 ft (60 m) and are circumvented by a short railroad.
..... Click the link for more information. . Manufactures include metal goods, furniture, and beer, and cotton and rice are shipped from the city. Kisangani has an international airport and hydroelectricity is produced on a nearby tributary of the Congo.
Founded in 1883 by the explorer Henry M. StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
..... Click the link for more information. and originally located on a nearby island in the river, the city, as Stanleyville, became the stronghold of Patrice LumumbaLumumba, Patrice Emergy
, 1925–61, prime minister (1960) of the Republic of the Congo (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo). A member of the Batatele tribe, he was educated in mission schools and later worked as a postal clerk.
..... Click the link for more information. in the late 1950s. After the assassination of Lumumba in 1961, Antoine Gizenga set up a government there that rivaled the central government in Leopoldville (now Kinshasa). Gizenga's regime was quashed in 1962, but in 1964, 1966, and 1967 the city was the site of temporarily successful revolts against the central government. Kisangani has a campus of the National Univ. of the Congo and a museum.
(prior to 1966, Stanleyville), a city in the Republic of Zaire and the administrative center of Upper Zaire Province.
Population, 229,600 (1970). It is a port on the Congo (Zaire) River, below Stanley Falls, and the starting point for navigation on the river’s middle course as far as Kinshasa. A railroad, bypassing the falls, links the city with the port of Ubundi on the Lualaba River. It is a highway junction and has an international airport. The city is an important commercial-distribution and industrial center. Leading industries include the primary processing of agricultural products (cotton ginning, rice hulling), food-processing (including breweries), chemicals, woodworking, and the manufacture of construction materials. Kisangani was founded in 1883 by H. Stanley, after whom it was originally named.