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(kēsangä`nē), formerly


city (1996 est. pop. 500,000), capital of Tshopo prov., N central Congo (Kinshasa), a port on the Congo River. The city is the terminus of steamer navigation on the Congo from KinshasaKinshasa
, city (1984 pop. 2,664,309), capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, W Congo, a port on Pool Malebo of the Congo River. It is the Congo's largest city and its administrative, communications, and commercial center.
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 and is a transportation center for NE Congo. It is on a short rail line (to Ubundi) that skirts the Boyoma FallsBoyoma Falls
, formerly Stanley Falls,
seven cataracts on the Lualaba River, extending c.60 mi (100 km) between Kisangani and Ubundu, N central Congo (Kinshasa), central Africa. The falls have a drop of c.200 ft (60 m) and are circumvented by a short railroad.
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. Manufactures include metal goods, furniture, and beer, and cotton and rice are shipped from the city. Kisangani has an international airport and hydroelectricity is produced on a nearby tributary of the Congo.

Founded in 1883 by the explorer Henry M. StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
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 and originally located on a nearby island in the river, the city, as Stanleyville, became the stronghold of Patrice LumumbaLumumba, Patrice Emergy
, 1925–61, prime minister (1960) of the Republic of the Congo (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo). A member of the Batatele tribe, he was educated in mission schools and later worked as a postal clerk.
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 in the late 1950s. After the assassination of Lumumba in 1961, Antoine Gizenga set up a government there that rivaled the central government in Leopoldville (now Kinshasa). Gizenga's regime was quashed in 1962, but in 1964, 1966, and 1967 the city was the site of temporarily successful revolts against the central government. Kisangani has a campus of the National Univ. of the Congo and a museum.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(prior to 1966, Stanleyville), a city in the Republic of Zaire and the administrative center of Upper Zaire Province.

Population, 229,600 (1970). It is a port on the Congo (Zaire) River, below Stanley Falls, and the starting point for navigation on the river’s middle course as far as Kinshasa. A railroad, bypassing the falls, links the city with the port of Ubundi on the Lualaba River. It is a highway junction and has an international airport. The city is an important commercial-distribution and industrial center. Leading industries include the primary processing of agricultural products (cotton ginning, rice hulling), food-processing (including breweries), chemicals, woodworking, and the manufacture of construction materials. Kisangani was founded in 1883 by H. Stanley, after whom it was originally named.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in the N Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re), at the head of navigation of the River Congo below Stanley Falls: Universit? Libre du Congo (1963). Pop.: 475 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The next connection targets the selected countries in the Central African Region; Nigeria to Cameroun (Bamenda), Cameroun to Central African Republic (Bangui), Central African Republic to DR Congo Republic (Kisangani), DR Congo to South Sudan (Juba), and to South Sudan.
The planned road works, in addition to serving the DRC part of the key regional trade/transport corridors crossing the country, would also contribute to reconnect the Eastern part of DRC (mainly South and North Kivu provinces), to Kisangani (former Orientale province, now Tshopo province), and then to Kinshasa by river transportation, creating an efficient and effective intermodal corridor of about 2,500 km.
In its first phase, the company will serve eight cities: Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Goma, Kisangani, Kindu, Mbuyi-Mayi, Kananga and Mbandaka, then 14 by the end of the year, until the whole country is covered.
From 2002 to 2011, Welthungerhilfe, a major German relief organization, invested in road construction for the Democratic Republic of Congo, National Road N2 is "613-kilometers (381-miles) long, stretching all the way to Kisangani, a city on the shores of the country's namesake: the Congo River," explains Samiha Shafy for Spiegel Online.
Pour la petite biographie, le realisateur, ne en 1984 a Kisangani (RDC) est l'auteur de deux autres moyens metrages documentaires, Dames en attente et Tolerance Zero.
I once travelled from Bunia to Kisangani in the Congo on my way to the Garamba national park.
These studies were conducted in Bukavu (South Kivu), (30) Bwamanda (Equateur province), (24) Kimpese (Bas Congo), (25) Kinshasa (Kinshasa province), (24) Kisangani (Orientale Province), (26, 30) Likasi (31) and Lubumbashi (26) (Katanga province), and Mbuji Mayi (Kasai Oriental).
Educated successively at the University of Bukavu, then in the northeastern city of Kisangani and finally at Geneva's Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Mutimamwa was first employed as a teacher of accountancy in neighbouring Burundi.
In July 2011, a Boeing 737 crashed in Kisangani, killing more than 70 passengers.
"We are not going to stop at Goma, we will go as far as Bukavu, Kisangani and Kinshasa," M23 spokesman Viannay Kazarama told a crowd massed at a stadium in Goma, a day after the rebels easily overran the city.
Regionally, destinations like Juba, Entebbe, Goma, and Kisangani from which KQ withdrew earlier this year, also Zanzibar, Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, Mwanza, Bujumbura, and Kigali, and as far as Antananarivo and Hargeisa, have been granted to Jambo Jet, in direct competition with privately-owned airlines currently flying there.
Kisangani (political science, Kansas State U.) discusses theoretical approaches to examining the big and small processes of Congo's wars over the past five decades.