Kish


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Kish

(kĭsh), ancient city of Mesopotamia, in the Euphrates valley, 8 mi (12.9 km) E of Babylon and 12 mi (19 km) east of the modern city of Hillah, Iraq. It was occupied from very ancient times, and its remains go back as far as the protoliterate period in Mesopotamia. In the early 3d millennium B.C., Kish was a Semitic city. Although it was one of the provincial outposts of Sumerian civilization, it had a cultural style of its own. There is an excavated palace of Sargon I of Agade, a native of Kish, and a great temple built by Nebuchadnezzar and Nabonidus in the later Babylonian period. The site also yielded a complete sequence of pottery from the Sumerian period to that of Nebuchadnezzar.

Kish

(kĭsh), in the Bible. 1 Father of Saul. An alternate form is Cis. 2 Uncle of Saul. 3 Ancestor of Mordecai.

Kish

(kēsh), island (9 mi/14.5 km long, 4 mi/6.4 km wide), Iran, in the Persian Gulf off central S Iran. Kish has been developed as a tourist resort; there also is fishing, a pearl trade, and agriculture. Kish was great trade center (11th–14th cent.) until rise of HormozHormoz
, Hormuz
or Ormuz
, island (1989 est. pop. 2,500), 5 mi (8.1 km) long and 3.5 mi (5.6 km) wide, S Iran, in the Strait of Hormuz (Hormoz), between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Salt and red ocher are produced.
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 island. A palace complex from the 11th–12th cent. is there.

Kish

 

an ancient city in Iraq (site of modern Tell al-Uhaimer), 18 km southeast of Babylon. Kish arose at the end of the fourth or beginning of the third millennium B.C. on the site of more ancient settlements. In the 28th century B.C. it was the center of the first union of Sumerian tribes, but it lost its supremacy in the 27th century B.C. in the course of a struggle with the city of Uruk. In the 24th century B.C., Kish was destroyed by the Sumerian king Lugal-zaggesi but was restored by the Akkadian king Sargon. After this, Kish did not play an independent role, remaining a major provincial center of Babylonia, of the Achaemenid state, of the Parthian kingdom, and of the Sassanid state.

Excavations conducted in 1912 and between 1923 and 1932 revealed the remains of a palace (28th-25th centuries B.C.) comprising two buildings: an older, rectangular one surrounded by a fortified wall with towers, and a later one with a narrow hall with four columns along its central axis on the building’s western side and a gallery with columns on the parapet on the eastern side. A necropolis dating from the early dynastic period (second quarter of the third millennium B.C.) has been investigated. Researchers have found numerous ceramic articles, bronze tools and ornaments, and cylindrical seals. Buildings from the Akkadian period and later periods have been discovered, including three palace buildings (224–651). A large archive of cuneiform documents dating from the beginning of the third millennium to the first millennium B.C. has also been found.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. Obshchestvennyi i gosudarstvennyi stroi drevnego Dvurech’ia. Shumer. Moscow, 1959.
Childe, V. G. Drevneishii Vostok v svete novykh raskopok. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from English.)
Parrot, A. Archéologie mésopotamienne. Les étapes. Paris, 1946.

kish

[kish]
(metallurgy)
Free graphite that floats to the surface of molten hypereutectic cast iron as it cools.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kish earned a point with an escape with 30 seconds remaining in the match to close to within 3-2, but Webster kept him from scoring again.
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Major organization : KISH FREE ZONE ORGANIZATION (KFZO)
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