Kishi, Nobusuke

Kishi, Nobusuke

(nōbo͝os`kā kē`shē), 1896–1987, Japanese statesman; older brother of Eisaku SatoSato, Eisaku
, 1901–75, Japanese politician, prime minister (1964–72), brother of Nobusuke Kishi. After receiving a law degree from Tokyo Imperial Univ. (1924) he entered the ministry of railways, serving there until 1947, when he was appointed vice minister of
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. The son of a minor official, he went to live with prosperous relatives and took their name. After attending the law college of Tokyo Univ., he entered government service in 1920, rising to high office in the ministry of commerce and industry. After 1935 he played a key role in the industrial development of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
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. During World War II he was minister of commerce and industry in Hideki Tojo's cabinet; he was imprisoned for three years after the war. As secretary-general of the postwar Democratic party, he was instrumental in uniting all conservative factions into the powerful Liberal Democratic party (1955). He became party president and prime minister in 1957, but widespread public agitation over the new United States-Japan Security Treaty forced Kishi to resign from both posts in 1960. He was succeeded by Hayato Ikeda.
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