(from Turkic kyshlak, literally “winter hut”), a settlement in Uzbekistan and Tadzhikistan.

Before the October Revolution of 1917,kishlaki were either permanent settlements or the winter domiciles of a seminomadic population. Kishlaki were categorized according to how they were grouped as follows: (1) cluster kishlak, where several kishlaki were merged or were grouped close to one another; these were known collectively by a single name and constituted a single commune, although each small unit had its own name and mosque and was settled by a single family-kin group; (2) large kishlak, which resulted when the first type expanded, the small units forming blocks of a single settlement; and (3) scattered kishlak, which comprised separate farmsteads located at considerable distances from one another but united into a single commune by the common irrigation of their fields by one canal. The houses in most kishlaki were crowded together, and there were winding little streets and culs-de-sac. In the mountain kishlaki, the buildings were constructed in tiers. Before unification with Russia, many of the larger kishlaki were enclosed by a wall. They were governed by elders who were protégés of the nobility.

In Soviet times, a complete transformation of the kishlaki has taken place. Contemporary kolkhoz and sovkhoz settlements do not differ from urban-type settlemens in layout or utilities. According to the Constitution, the inhabitants of kishlaki elect their own executive organs, the kishlak soviets of working people’s deputies.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sergei Abashin's book is a study of Oshoba, one "Uzbek" village or kishlak (original meaning: winter settlement) in a part of the Ferghana Valley that nowadays belongs to Tajikistan.
And on the other hand, the chapters collectively intend to illuminate two contradictory trends in the valley: 1) "unity in diversity" as the reference to Sasha Kuprin who is one of the Fergana poets illustrates: "words like kishlak (village), aryk (irrigation canal), chinar (oriental plane tree), bazaar, chaikhane (teahouse) and plov (pilaf) are not mere fragments of exotic vocabulary but worlds through which we experience a common time and destiny" (p.
We were to be inserted by the helicopters 45 km south of kishlak (Village) "Karamugul," make a 10 km hike on foot to the anticipated convoy route and intercept another "Muj" re-supply convoy.
In one such suburb, Dekhkan Kishlak, locals said they had been beaten by security forces and their jewellery and money stolen during a raid Monday.
In one such district, Dekhkan Kishlak, around 1,500 refugees were crammed into houses.
54) For a recent study on how these investments affected life at the local level in this period, see Sergei Abashin, Sovetskii kishlak mezhdu kolonializmom i modernizatsiei (Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2015).