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(kēsləvôtsk`) [Rus.,=sour water], city (1989 pop. 114,000), S European Russia, in the N Caucasus Mts. It is a famous health resort with mineral springs, sanatoriums, and a physico-therapeutical institute. Kislovodsk was founded in 1803.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Stavropol’ Krai, RSFSR; one of the leading balneological and climatic health resorts in the USSR of the Caucasus Mineral Waters group. Terminus on a railroad branch (64 km) from Mineral’nye Vody. Population, 91,000 (1972; 22,000 in 1926; 51,000 in 1939).

Kislovodsk is situated in the northern foothills of the Greater Caucasus at an elevation of 720–1,060 m, in the valleys of the mountain rivers Ol’khovka and Berezovka (of the Podkumok River basin). The city is surrounded by mountains. Its summers are warm (average July temperatures of 19°C), and its winters are mild (average January temperatures of — 3.9°C), with dry, clear, windless, and sunny weather. Annual precipitation totals about 600 mm.

Therapeutic remedies include the carbonaceous, hydrocarbon-sulfate calcium-sodium water of the Narzan spring, which has the following chemical composition:

It is used for baths and bottling. Water drinking therapy is provided by a number of springs: Dolomitic Narzan, which has a chemical composition of

Sulfate Narzan, whose composition is

and well no. 23 with the composition

A 43-km pipeline from the Kuma source in the settlement of Krasnyi Vostok in Karachaevo-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast provides carbonaceous water closely resembling the Narzan water in Essentuki.

People suffering from diseases of the circulatory organs, non-tubercular diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of the urinary tract, and metabolic disorders and accompanying diseases of the digestive system are treated here. Terrainkuhr (walking therapy) is very popular (from Narzan Gallery to Krasnye Kamni, Serye Kamni, Sinie Kamni, Sosnovaia Gorka, Krasnoe Solnyshko, Khram Vozdukha, and other places). Tours to nearby vicinities are also popular (Lermontov’s Rock, Kol’tsogora, Zamok Rock, Dolina Ocharovanii, the mountains Bol’shoe and Maloe Sedlo, Dzhinal, Bermamyt).

Kislovodsk, originally a military outpost and stanitsa (cossack settlement) of the Terek Cossack Host founded in 1803, became a city in 1830. Intensive construction of the city was begun in the 19th century; this included wooden bathhouses (1812), a restaurant with a dance hall and guest rooms (1823), baths (1827–32; 1901–04, architect A. N. Klepinin), the pseudo-Gothic Narzan Gallery (1848–58, architect S. P. Upton), and the recreation hall, an eclectic imitation of the Late Renaissance style (1895). Much construction has been conducted during Soviet times. Urban planning (1934, architect V. N. Semenov and others; new plans, 1968) has provided for the reconstruction of streets, the regular planting of greenery (gardens, parks, and various plantings total 2,000 ha), and the construction of new city districts and numerous health facilities. The health facilities include the G. K. Ordzhonikidze Sanatorium (1935–37, architects M. Ia. Ginzburg, S. E. Vakhtangov, I. I. Leonidov, E. M. Popov, I. I. Shpalek, and others), the Gornye Vershiny Sanatorium (1951, architect N. S. Poliudov; since 1963, part of the Ordzhonikidze Sanatorium), and a sanatorium for military personnel (1956, architects B. G. Barkhin and N. I. Gaigarov). Also constructed were the Rossiia movie theater (standard design; 1970, architect-adapters I. M. Fridental’ and P. T. Fedoniuk, engineer I. P. Lapchenko and others) and a city communications center (1970, architect M. P. Konstantinov). Also of interest is a monument to V. I. Lenin (bronze bas-relief, sculptor V. A. Andreev, 1925).

Kislovodsk has a medical school, the N. A. Iaroshenko Art Museum, a tourist center, and guest houses.


Khibarov, M. I. Kislovodskgorod solntsa. Moscow, 1969.
Pokrovskii, S. I. Kislovodskii terrenkur. Blizhnii turizm. Stavropol’, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, the two countries are working on a joint project to build a spa complex in Kislovodsk and a sanatorium in Zheleznovodsk.
Connor concurs with that view after returning from an altitude training camp at Kislovodsk, which is in the shadow of Europe's highest mountain Mount Elbrus.
Connor concurred with that view after returning from an altitude training camp at Kislovodsk, which is in the shadow of Europe's highest mountain Mount Elbrus.
On September 21, 2012, two astronomers using a telescope in the International Scientific Observing Network near Kislovodsk, Russia, discovered a comet that came to be formally known as C/2012 S1 and was popularly called Comet ISON.
In particular, the Chairman of the State Committee for Tourism, Minister of Culture and Sport of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Deputy Minister of Culture, Information and Sport of the Kyrgyz Republic, the head of the administration of Kislovodsk (Russia), the leaders of the group of Spanish tourism organizations, I.Korotkova, head of the representative office of "Atout France" in Russia and the CIS, S.Matsuda, President of the Japanese travel company "Hankyu Travel International Co Ltd", representatives of the companies Foresight Marketing (Japan), Brussels expr Ess "(Belgium) and S.
Build sanatoria not only for 150 beds but also smaller sanatoria, with small cottages." (89) Stalin even introduced the idea to Metelev to build a hotel in Sochi for foreigners and Soviet specialists: "Later in the conversation, he noted that in Sochi we should build a hotel for visiting foreigners and in general for our specialists, in which we should provide facilities for relaxation and entertainment." (90) Their conversations also covered sanatorium firms, Kislovodsk, the Houses of Relaxation of the Central Executive Committee, refrigerators, and the making of ice.
Prevot, "Surface ozone at the Caucasian site Kislovodsk High Mountain Station and the Swiss Alpine site Jungfraujoch: data analysis and trends (1990-2006)," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.
Using a telescope near Kislovodsk, Russia, the astronomers first found ISON just outside Jupiter's orbit on September 21, 2012.
See The Kislovodsk, [1980] 1 Lloyd's Rep 183 at 186 (QB (Adm Ct)); The Star of Luxor, [1981] 1 Lloyd's Rep 139 at 141 (QB (Adm Ct)); The El Arnria, supra note 53 at 542; The Benarty, [1985] QB 325 (CA).
Formally designated C/2012 S1 (ISON), the comet was discovered on September 21, 2012, by Russian astronomers Vitali Nevski and Artyom Novichonok using a telescope of the International Scientific Optical Network located near Kislovodsk. ( ANI )
Astrophysical Observatory are on work experience at the Kislovodsk Astrophysical Observatory.