Kissinger, Henry

Kissinger, Henry (Alfred)

(1923–  ) political scientist, public official; born in Fuerth, Germany. He fled the Nazis to New York City with his parents in 1938. Even before he became professor of government at Harvard (1962–71), his book Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy (1957) had gained him national attention, and he served occasionally as adviser to presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. As special national security adviser, National Security Council executive secretary (1969–71), and secretary of state (1971–76), he was chief architect of foreign policy in the Nixon and Ford administrations, emphasizing realpolitik and détente with China and the USSR, and negotiations between Arabs and Israelis. Although he had been a "hawk" in pursuit of the war in Vietnam, he received a Nobel Peace Prize (1973) for his role in the Vietnam cease-fire. Following revelations of his role in secret bombings in Cambodia, illegal wiretaps, and covert Central Intelligence Agency operations in Chile and elsewhere, his reputation suffered but he retired to a lucrative career as a lecturer and consultant. He headed a bipartisan committee on Central America for President Ronald Reagan in 1983. In later years he appeared occasionally on television as a commentator on world affairs, and he returned to his earlier role as a student of political history with such works as Diplomacy (1994).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
answers Japan and Russia 10 Switzerland, 9 Calypso, 8 Sunderland, 7 DreamWorks, 6 Kissinger, Henry 5 9, Grade 4 Pickett, Bobby 3 Russell, Ken 2 Somalia, 1 questions: 10 I: AM WHO Stallone Sylvester wordwise: Bimpossipuzzles: years 42 and 30 Ages WHEN: REMEMBER 1960 WHEN: WHERE WHAT WHO 1792.
Kissinger, Henry, it is difficult to imagine our nation's role in the world, and continued global leadership, without the strategic insights you have brought to your service across different administrations, Republican and Democrat, across different strategic eras, and across a period of more than six decades where you have shaped the debate on every defense and national security issue of consequence.
Kissinger, Henry: "A World Restored; Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812-22", (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957).
Kissinger, Henry: "Diplomacy", (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994).
Kissinger, Henry: "The Necessity for Choice; Prospects of American Foreign Policy", (New York: Harper, 1961).
Kissinger, Henry: "The Troubled Partnership; a Re-appraisal of the Atlantic Alliance", (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1966).
Kissinger, Henry: "White House Years", (Boston: Little, Brown, 1979).
Kissinger, Henry, On China, The Penguin Press, New York, 2011, 586 pp.
(14.) Kissinger to Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., 23 January 1961, Box P-17, file: Kissinger, Henry, 1951-1961, Schlesinger Papers, John F.
Kissinger to Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., 10 March 1954, JFKL, Schlesinger Papers, box P-17, file: Kissinger, Henry, 1951-1961.
Kissinger, Henry. Does America Need a Foreign Policy?