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(stone chest), a rectangular burial structure consisting of upright stone slabs supporting several roofing slabs. Cists were widely used during the Bronze Age and were associated with different archaeological cultures. They were used for individual and group burials. Barrows were sometimes constructed over the cists. In the USSR, the burial tradition in cists is evident in almost all regions of the Caucasus (until the 19th century in the northern Caucasus) and also in the Crimea, where it was most characteristic of the Tauri. The cists of the Tauri (second half of the first millennium b.c.) contain flexed collective burials; bronze ornaments and beads were found in the burials.


Krupnov, E. I. Drevniaia istoriia Severnogo Kavkaza. Moscow, 1960.
Leskov, A. M. “Rannetavrskie mogil’niki gornogo Kryma.” In the collection Skifo-sarmatskoe vremia. Leningrad, 1961. Pages 104–13.

cistvaen, kistvaen

A Celtic sepulchral chamber of flat stones set together like a box, and covered by a tumulus.
References in periodicals archive ?
What for many Kists constituted the center of their practice and understanding of Islam, is currently being labeled as improper, erroneous, "un-Islamic".
Since the emergence of the Islamic renaissance in the late 1980s, most Christian and pagan elements of the Kist culture have been discarded by the Kists themselves.
The majority of Kists seem to oppose especially the "Wahhabi" women's type of clothing and claim that it is "unnatural" and not prescribed by Islam.
Historically, Sufi Islam is the earliest expression of Islam in the North Caucasus, where the Kists (at that time "normal" Chechens) had dwelled before their migration to Georgia in the nineteenth century.
12) This time, however, the Sufi-oriented Kists and Chechens appropriated the ideas of social protest against revolutionary changes propagated by the "Wahhabists".
1) Apart from Chechens and Kists, also Ingushs and Bats belong to the Vainakhs.
Moreover, instead of joining Kist Muslims in prayers, the other Muslims built their own mosques ("Wahhabi mosques") headed by independent religious leaders.
While the cornkist was ideally suited for such percussion accompaniment, the dimensions of the meal kist rendered it unsuitable for that purpose (one I possess is about twenty-seven inches long with a depth and width of about twenty inches).