The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the Dagestan ASSR, located in the delta of the Terek River. Railroad station on the Gudermes-Astrakhan line 221 km northwest of the city of Makhachkala. Population, 30,000 (1970).

The first mention of Kizliar dates from 1609. A fortress was constructed in 1735, marking the beginning of the city and of the construction of the Caucasus fortified lines. Kizliar became an administrative center of a district of the Terek Region in 1785. The city was one of the centers of trade between Russia and the Middle East during the 18th and 19th centuries. Since the beginning of the 19th century, it has been the center of an important wine-growing and wine-making region.

Kizliar has plants for the production of electric equipment, cognac, wine, butter and cheese, fruit and vegetable canned goods, and grape juice, as well as a flour-milling combine. The city also has an electromechanical technicum, a medical school, and a museum of local lore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After serving a prison sentence for "counterrevolutionary activities," Abbess Antonina of Kizliar took twelve nuns and went to the town of Tuapse where she founded a secret monastery in the mountains.
He returned to Russia full of fresh impressions of the mountain territory he had grown to love during boyhood visits to the estate and silk factory one of his relatives had built on the bank of the Terek river, between Kizliar and Grozny, where a town had developed around the Russian fort.