one of the oldest of the coach horses, bred at the Kladruby stables near Pardubice, Czechoslovakia (established in 1572).
The Kladruby horse was produced by improving upon horses of the old Spanish Neapolitano, a rather unrefined strain that was widespread in Europe in the 17th century. Through selection and training, an aptitude was developed in the Kladruby for work in harness (for a long time the horse was raised only for use in teams for the ceremonial equipage of the Viennese royal court). The modern Kladruby is a somewhat heavier type, with a long body and neck and rounded sides. Its height at the withers reaches 170 cm. Its coat is usually black. Only a limited number of the type is bred as a coach horse at Kladruby. The breed has not been imported to the USSR.
REFERENCESUrusov, S. P. Kniga o loshadi, 3rd ed., vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1911.
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)