Klamath


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Klamath

(klăm`əth), Native North Americans who in the 19th cent. lived in SW Oregon. They speak a language of the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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) and are related to the ModocModoc
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They formerly lived in SW Oregon and N California, particularly around Modoc Lake (also known as Lower Klamath Lake) and Tule
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 people. The material for the first description of the Klamath was collected by Peter Skene Ogden, who visited them in 1829 and opened trade relations. They subsisted by hunting, fishing, and collecting roots and wokas, or water-lily seeds. The Klamath were peaceful toward American settlers but not toward the Native Americans of N California. They raided those tribes periodically and carried off women and children, keeping their captives as slaves or selling them to other Native Americans. By the treaty of 1864 with the United States, the practice of slavery was abolished and their land NE of Upper Klamath Lake in Oregon was set aside as the Klamath Reservation. Today they are mostly farmers. In 1990 there were 3,100 Klamath in the United States.

Bibliography

See L. Spier, Klamath Ethnography (1930); T. Stern, The Klamath Tribe (1965, repr. 1988).


Klamath,

mountain range, part of Pacific Coast Ranges extending c.240 mi (368 km) from SW Oregon to NW California. The Klamath Mts. are part of numerous national forest and wildlife preserves and contain scenic portions of the Klamath River, rising in Upper Klamath Lake, and the Sacramento River. The highest point is Mt. Eddy (9,038 ft/2,755 m). Hiking and game hunting are popular activities along the mountain range. Tourism, fishing, and lumber industries are chief sources of income for many of the towns in the mountain region, such as Klamath Falls.

Klamath

(processor)
The pre-release "code name" for Intel's Pentium II microprocessor.

Klamath

The code name for the Intel Pentium II chip. See Pentium II.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once the dams are gone, fish populations in the river will be restored or enhanced, benefiting Native American tribes in the Klamath Basin and the coastal fishing industry.
The folded pages open, providing photographs and information about the wildlife, plants and other factors in the Klamath forest.
The Klamath basin of northern California and southern Oregon has been the subject of recent controversies over water allocations.
Aguilar had been in Klamath Falls for a couple of weeks and was staying with his mother at the motel, authorities said.
The farmers' water had to be taken, said the BOR, for the benefit of the Lost River sucker and the short-nose sucker, both of which had been listed as "endangered" in the Upper Klamath Lake, and the coho salmon, which was listed as "threatened" in the Klamath River.
The Bush administration's decision to reopen the Klamath headgates gave farmers a rare victory over wildlife.
The Klamath River once boasted the third-largest salmon run in western North America.
From the Lava Beds at Tule Lake, one can view the broad panorama of the Klamath Basin where the long-ago volcanic explosion of ancient Mount Mazama created a complex ecosystem surrounding what is now known as Crater Lake.
Citing concerns over endangered coho salmon in the Klamath River and endangered sucker fish in Upper Klamath Lake, the bureau had warned early this year that as many as 90 percent of water-rights holders might not receive any water whatsoever in the summer.
The case stems from a 1995 incident in which the Klamath Basin Tribes and the Klamath Water Users Protective Association, a non-profit group composed primarily of local irrigation districts and other water users, corresponded with the Department of the Interior stating their positions on water allocation in the Klamath Basin of Oregon.
It's not yet on display, but if you're in the area, check with the Klamath Falls County Museum.
Iberdrola Renewables' Klamath Cogeneration Plant in Southern Oregon will supply 100 megawatts of Northwest electricity to Puget Sound Energy.