Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria. Characteristic large mucoid colonies are due to production of a large amount of capsular material. Species of Klebsiella are commonly found in soil and water, on plants, and in animals and humans. Harmless strains of Klebsiella are beneficial because they fix nitrogen in soil. Pathogenic species include K. pneumoniae, K. rhinoscleromatis, and K. ozaenae, also known as K. pneumoniae subspecies pneumoniae, rhinoscleromatis, and ozaenae.

Klebsiella pneumoniae is the second most frequently isolated colon-related bacterium in clinical laboratories. The carbohydrate-containing capsule of Klebsiella promotes virulence by protecting the encased bacteria from ingestion by leukocytes; nonencapsulated variants of Klebsiella do not cause disease. Capsular types 1 and 2 cause pneumonia; types 8, 9, 10, and 24 are commonly associated with urinary tract infections. See Escherichia, Pneumonia

Klebsiella accounts for a large percentage of hospital-acquired infections, mostly skin infections (in immunocompromised burn patients), bacteremia, and urinary tract infections. It is also the most common contaminant of intravenous fluids such as glucose solutions and other medical devices.

Klebsiella may produce E. coli-like enterotoxins and cause acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children. Enteric illnesses due to Klebsiella are more predominant where populations are more crowded and conditions less sanitary. Other virulence factors of Klebsiella include a relatively high ability to survive and multiply outside the host in a variety of environments, and its relatively simple growth requirements. See Endotoxin

Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis causes rhinoscleroma, a chronic destructive granulomatous disease of the upper respiratory tract that is most common in eastern Europe, central Africa, and tropical South America. Klebsiella ozaenae is one cause of chronic rhinitis (ozena), a destructive atrophy of the nasal mucosa, and is infrequently isolated from urinary tract infections and bacteremia. See Medical bacteriology



a genus of capsular nonsporiferous bacteria, the typical representative of which is Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Friedländer’s bacillus, a rodlike (0.3–0.5 × 5 microns) organism that occurs singly or in pairs and is nonmotile, gram-negative, and forms a mucous capsule.

Klebsiella pneumoniae grows well on ordinary nutrient media. On solid media it forms round, convex, shiny, mucoid colonies. It ferments glucose, saccharose, and lactose, forming acid and gas; it does not liquefy gelatin; it sours but does not curdle milk; it does not form either hydrogen sulfide or indole; and it reduces nitrates. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a facultative aerobe. Its optimal growth temperature is 37°C. It inhabits the nasal, oral, and intestinal mucosae of healthy persons, but it is conditionally pathogenic and may produce pneumonia in man. Other Klebsiella produce rhinoscleroma and ozena. Klebsiella cause klebsielloses in many farm animals.



A genus of bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae; nonmotile, encapsulated rods arranged singly, in pairs, or in chains; some species are human pathogens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Klebsiella infections refer to several different types of healthcare-associated infections that are all caused by the Klebsiella bacteria, including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis.
Occurrence and detection of AmpC [beta]-lactamases among Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis isolates at a veterans medical center.
Keywords: Hypervirulent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Hpermucoviscous Klebsiella Syndrome, String test.
The Klebsiella isolates in this study represented the Klebsiella isolates routinely present in infections over a protracted period.
coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae had very high resistance to antibiotics of critical importance to humans such as penicillins, fluoroquinolones, third and fourth generation cephalosporins and carbapenems, which is a last resort antibiotic used in hospitals.
Vabomere (meropenem and vaborbactam) is indicated for the treatment of patients 18 years of age and older with complicated urinary tract infections including pyelonephritis caused by the following susceptible microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Enterobacter cloacae species complex.
Coli, a gram -ve facultative anaerobe responsible for 80% of UTI cases in women aged 18-39 years, followed by Staphylococcus saprophyticus and the less common Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Proteus, Pseudomonas and Enterococcus.
The first carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriacae species in Croatia was NDM-1 producing Klebsiella (K.
KEYWORDS : Hyaluronidase, killing Bacteria, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus
planticola portadoras del gen de multirresistencia a farmacos bla KPC 2 y 3 que puede adquirirse por medio de plasmidos, que guardan homologia estrecha con Klebsiella spp.