Klein, Yves

Klein, Yves,

1928–62, French painter. With critic Pierre Restany, he was a leader of the avant-garde movement called Nouveau Réalisme (founded 1960). In the 1950s Klein began to work in monochromes, creating abstract paintings in various single hues, and from 1957 on he worked only in a powdery textured ultramarine blue he called International Klein Blue (IKB), a color he created in 1956. He was perhaps best known for using nude models as "living paintbrushes," covering them in IKB and rolling or pressing them onto paper or canvas to make paintings. Other Klein creations included The Void, an empty art gallery; a photograph of the artist leaping blithely into space; fountains made of water and flame; and paintings created with flame throwers or by exposing canvas to rainy weather. Many consider him a pioneer of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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 and a forerunner of conceptual artconceptual art,
art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalism, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's
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K. Ottmann, ed., Overcoming the Problematics of Art: The Writings of Yves Klein (2007); studies by H. Weitemeier (2001), P. Noever and F. Perrin (2004), P. Restany (2d ed., 2005), K. Ottmann (2010), R. Pincus-Witten and R. Klein-Moquey (2010), and K. Brougher et al. (museum catalog, 2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
tambien el texto de KLEIN, Yves, "L'aventure monochrome: L'epopee monochrome, en KLEIN, Yves, Le depassement de laproblematique de l'art et autres ecrits (ed.
Palabras de Jigoro Kano en KLEIN, Yves, Les Fondaments du Judo (1954), Paris, Dilecta, 2006, (sin paginacion).
17) KLEIN, Yves, texto sin titulo, en OTTMANN, Klaus (2010), op.
KLEIN, Yves, "Reflexions sur le Judo le Kiai, la Victoire constante", en KLEIN, Yves (2003), op.
20) KLEIN, Yves, en DESCARGUES, Pierre, Yves Klein, "L'homme qui a vendu du vide", en Tribune de Laussanne, 1960, recogido en OTTMANN, Klaus (2010), op.
25) KLEIN, Yves, "Le depassement de la problematique de l'art", en KLEIN, Yves (2003), op.
29) KLEIN, Yves, "Chelsea Hotel Manifiesto" (1961), en KLEIN, Yves (2003), op.
Items seized during a raid by trading standards officers included jewellery and accessories copied from brands such as Chanel, Calvin Klein, Yves St Laurent, Playboy, Burberry and Christian Dior.
Dolce & Gabbana, Ralph Lauren, Chanel, Donna Karan New York, Givenchy, Calvin Klein, Yves Saint Laurent Rive Gauche, Barneys New York, Max-Mara, Cartier, Fred Leighton Rare Collectible Jewels and David Yurman are among the 100 boutiques that will display works of art from the modernists to the old masters.
According to Jean Scott, spokeswoman for Luxottica, which makes shades for Anne Klein, Yves Saint Laurent, Armani, Persol and Valentino, the classic red frame has been replaced by green, blue or yellow.
He says the 47 big manufacturers represented, who include Dolce and Gabbana, Calvin Klein, Yves St Laurent, Karrimor and Tog 24, have very focussed outlet strategies.
Suddenly designers such as Calvin Klein, Yves Saint Laurent and Hugo Boss have become fans and are beating a path to the Borders.