Klein, Yves

Klein, Yves,

1928–62, French painter. With critic Pierre Restany, he was a leader of the avant-garde movement called Nouveau Réalisme (founded 1960). In the 1950s Klein began to work in monochromes, creating abstract paintings in various single hues, and from 1957 on he worked only in a powdery textured ultramarine blue he called International Klein Blue (IKB), a color he created in 1956. He was perhaps best known for using nude models as "living paintbrushes," covering them in IKB and rolling or pressing them onto paper or canvas to make paintings. Other Klein creations included The Void, an empty art gallery; a photograph of the artist leaping blithely into space; fountains made of water and flame; and paintings created with flame throwers or by exposing canvas to rainy weather. Many consider him a pioneer of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
..... Click the link for more information.
 and a forerunner of conceptual artconceptual art,
art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalism, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's
..... Click the link for more information.


K. Ottmann, ed., Overcoming the Problematics of Art: The Writings of Yves Klein (2007); studies by H. Weitemeier (2001), P. Noever and F. Perrin (2004), P. Restany (2d ed., 2005), K. Ottmann (2010), R. Pincus-Witten and R. Klein-Moquey (2010), and K. Brougher et al. (museum catalog, 2010).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Participating brands include Lacoste, Dolce and Gabbana, Ralph Lauren, DKNY, Giorgio Armani, Calvin Klein, Tiffany and Co., Salvatore Ferragamo, Bvlgari, Marc Jacobs, Calvin Klein, Yves Saint Laurent, Hugo Boss, Kate Spade, Ray-Ban, Jo Malone, Lamer, Charriol, Keleo, Estee Lauder, Victoria's Secret, and more.
Items seized during a raid by trading standards officers included jewellery and accessories copied from brands such as Chanel, Calvin Klein, Yves St Laurent, Playboy, Burberry and Christian Dior.
Dolce & Gabbana, Ralph Lauren, Chanel, Donna Karan New York, Givenchy, Calvin Klein, Yves Saint Laurent Rive Gauche, Barneys New York, Max-Mara, Cartier, Fred Leighton Rare Collectible Jewels and David Yurman are among the 100 boutiques that will display works of art from the modernists to the old masters.
He says the 47 big manufacturers represented, who include Dolce and Gabbana, Calvin Klein, Yves St Laurent, Karrimor and Tog 24, have very focussed outlet strategies.
Suddenly designers such as Calvin Klein, Yves Saint Laurent and Hugo Boss have become fans and are beating a path to the Borders.