Kleinmikhel, Petr Andreevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kleinmikhel’, Petr Andreevich


Born Nov. 30 (Dec. 11), 1793, in St. Petersburg; died there Feb. 3 (15), 1869. Russian statesman, general of infantry (1841). Aide-de-camp to A. A. Arakcheev beginning in 1812; chief of staff of the military colonies from 1819.

Kleinmikhel’ was in attendance on Nicholas I and the tsar’s adjutant general in 1826. He directed the rebuilding of the Winter Palace, which had burnt down in 1837; for this he was made a count in 1839. In 1842 he became a member of the State Council. From 1842 to 1855 he was chief director of communications and public buildings. During his administration the Nicholas Bridge (the present-day Lieutenant Shmidt Bridge) was constructed across the Neva, the New Hermitage was erected in St. Petersburg, and the St. Petersburg-Moscow railroad was built. Kleinmikhel’ became implicated in large-scale corruption, which led to his dismissal in 1855.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.