Klement Gottwald


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Gottwald, Klement

 

Born Nov. 23, 1896, in the village of Dedidocz. Moravia; died Mar. 14, 1953, in Prague. Figure in the Czechoslovak and international workers’ movement. Czechoslovak politician and statesman.

The son of a poor peasant, Gottwald began to work when he was 12 years old. Beginning in 1912 he participated in the social democratic youth movement. In 1918 he supported the left wing of the Social Democratic Party. Gottwald was one of the founders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC). From 1922 to 1925 he edited the Communist newspapers Pravda chudoby and Hlas lidu. In 1925 he became a member of the Central Committee and Politburo of the CPC, and from 1926 to 1929 he was head of the section for propaganda and agitation of the Central Committee of the party. At the Fifth Congress of the CPC in 1929, Gottwald was elected secretary-general of the Central Committee and in 1945, head of the party. In 1928 he became a member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern, and from 1935 to 1943 he was secretary of the committee. After the Czechoslovak bourgeois government adopted the Munich Pact of 1938, Gottwald, on the decision of the Central Committee of the CPC, emigrated to Moscow, where he headed the administrative center of the party in exile. After the liberation of the eastern parts of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Army, Gottwald became deputy premier of the first National Front government at Košice (Apr. 4, 1945). In 1946 he headed the coalition government. After the events of February 1948 he formed a new government, purged of bourgeois conspirators. On June 14, 1948, Gottwald became president of the Czechoslovak Republic.

Gottwald played an important role in developing the general line of the CPC on building socialism in the country, which was proclaimed at the party’s Ninth Congress in May 1949. A great friend of the Soviet Union and a true internationalist, Gottwald advanced the slogan “With the Soviet Union Forever!”, which has become worldwide. The Order of K. Gottwald has been established in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. After its unification with several populated areas, the city of Zlin was renamed after Gottwald.

WORKS

Spisy, vols. 1–15. Prague, 1951–61.
Se Sovétským Svazem na věčné časy. Prague, 1955.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv., vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1957–58.

P. P. TURPITKO

References in periodicals archive ?
The then prime minister and leader of Communists] Klement Gottwald was over the moon seeing them commit such a folly.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- "In February 1948, the Communist leader Klement Gottwald stepped out on the balcony of a Baroque palace in Prague to harangue hundreds of thousands of citizens massed in Old Town Square.
The "institute" has drawn attention to itself by hanging the names of long-dead or incredibly old secret police in public town squares, by publishing unfounded claims against exiled-writer Milan Kundera, and by making statements regarding a supposed plan envisaged by the Masin brothers to kill Klement Gottwald.
I'm reminded of the scene that opens Milan Kundera's novel The Book of Laughter and Forgetting, in which the Czech Communist leader Klement Gottwald is lent a fur hat by a man simply called Clementis, who stands next to him on a balcony as they're photographed in a flurry of snow.
The idea for its construction was born at the end of the 19th century, it was built between the two world wars as a monument to Hussites and legionaries, but the middle and older generations know it as the mausoleum of the communist leader Klement Gottwald, and the younger generation as a bizarre object on the city skyline, and usually closed.
At the core of Gumbert's documentary is what he says was Stalin's plan to liquidate the Catholic church in Czechoslovakia and to create a totally atheistic society, a plan agreed to and supported by the communist leader in Czechoslovakia, Klement Gottwald.
En 1946 se celebraron las elecciones que permitieron formar un gobierno de coalicion con Klement Gottwald, lider del partido comunista, como primer ministro, y Eduard Benes como presidente.
In 1948, a high-ranking official named Vladimir Clementis appeared beside Commurust Party leader Klement Gottwald in a famous photograph marking the establishment of a Communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
Klement Gottwald, Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, reported to his comrades on the Central Committee a similar exchange with Stalin, in which the latter said that dictatorship of the proletariat was not the only way forward to the shining city.