Klement Gottwald


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Gottwald, Klement

 

Born Nov. 23, 1896, in the village of Dedidocz. Moravia; died Mar. 14, 1953, in Prague. Figure in the Czechoslovak and international workers’ movement. Czechoslovak politician and statesman.

The son of a poor peasant, Gottwald began to work when he was 12 years old. Beginning in 1912 he participated in the social democratic youth movement. In 1918 he supported the left wing of the Social Democratic Party. Gottwald was one of the founders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC). From 1922 to 1925 he edited the Communist newspapers Pravda chudoby and Hlas lidu. In 1925 he became a member of the Central Committee and Politburo of the CPC, and from 1926 to 1929 he was head of the section for propaganda and agitation of the Central Committee of the party. At the Fifth Congress of the CPC in 1929, Gottwald was elected secretary-general of the Central Committee and in 1945, head of the party. In 1928 he became a member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern, and from 1935 to 1943 he was secretary of the committee. After the Czechoslovak bourgeois government adopted the Munich Pact of 1938, Gottwald, on the decision of the Central Committee of the CPC, emigrated to Moscow, where he headed the administrative center of the party in exile. After the liberation of the eastern parts of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Army, Gottwald became deputy premier of the first National Front government at Košice (Apr. 4, 1945). In 1946 he headed the coalition government. After the events of February 1948 he formed a new government, purged of bourgeois conspirators. On June 14, 1948, Gottwald became president of the Czechoslovak Republic.

Gottwald played an important role in developing the general line of the CPC on building socialism in the country, which was proclaimed at the party’s Ninth Congress in May 1949. A great friend of the Soviet Union and a true internationalist, Gottwald advanced the slogan “With the Soviet Union Forever!”, which has become worldwide. The Order of K. Gottwald has been established in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. After its unification with several populated areas, the city of Zlin was renamed after Gottwald.

WORKS

Spisy, vols. 1–15. Prague, 1951–61.
Se Sovétským Svazem na věčné časy. Prague, 1955.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv., vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1957–58.

P. P. TURPITKO

References in periodicals archive ?
The other two negative figures in the Czech Republic were communist leaders Klement Gottwald and Gustaacutev Husaacutek.The eights anniversary was the incentiveThe survey was conducted by the Slovak Academy of Sciences Institute of Sociology, in collaboration with the Institute for Public Affairs, the Centre for Public Opinion Research and the Czech Academy of Sciences Institute of Sociology.
The composition was duly renamed after the battle cry of the first Communist Czechoslovak President, Klement Gottwald: "Build Your Country, Strengthen Peace", and went on to serve as the model of socialist realism in Czech music.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- "In February 1948, the Communist leader Klement Gottwald stepped out on the balcony of a Baroque palace in Prague to harangue hundreds of thousands of citizens massed in Old Town Square.
The Institute works with journalists abused (at the head of this "scientific office" is a journalist by education) by the theoretical term "totalitarianism." The "institute" has drawn attention to itself by hanging the names of long-dead or incredibly old secret police in public town squares, by publishing unfounded claims against exiled-writer Milan Kundera, and by making statements regarding a supposed plan envisaged by the Masin brothers to kill Klement Gottwald. The well-financed state institution has subsequently experienced an efflux of young and talented historians to the "competitive" and seriously scientific institution, the Institute of Contemporary History.
I'm reminded of the scene that opens Milan Kundera's novel The Book of Laughter and Forgetting, in which the Czech Communist leader Klement Gottwald is lent a fur hat by a man simply called Clementis, who stands next to him on a balcony as they're photographed in a flurry of snow.
At the core of Gumbert's documentary is what he says was Stalin's plan to liquidate the Catholic church in Czechoslovakia and to create a totally atheistic society, a plan agreed to and supported by the communist leader in Czechoslovakia, Klement Gottwald. To that end, in 1950 the communist government confiscated church property and arrested more than 13,000 priests and religious and put them in concentration camps.
In 1948, a high-ranking official named Vladimir Clementis appeared beside Commurust Party leader Klement Gottwald in a famous photograph marking the establishment of a Communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
[The then prime minister and leader of Communists] Klement Gottwald was over the moon seeing them commit such a folly.
The idea for its construction was born at the end of the 19th century, it was built between the two world wars as a monument to Hussites and legionaries, but the middle and older generations know it as the mausoleum of the communist leader Klement Gottwald, and the younger generation as a bizarre object on the city skyline, and usually closed.
Klement Gottwald, Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, reported to his comrades on the Central Committee a similar exchange with Stalin, in which the latter said that dictatorship of the proletariat was not the only way forward to the shining city.