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Klerksdorp(klĕrks`dôrp), city, part and seat of the City of Matlosana local municipality, North West prov., NE South Africa, on the Schoonspruit River. The town, which has grain elevators, lumberyards, and food-processing and beverage-making industries, is the mining and processing center for major gold and uranium deposits and is also the distribution center for neighboring farms. There are rail and road connections with Cape Town and Johannesburg.
Klerksdorp was founded in 1837 by Afrikaner farmers (BoersBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
..... Click the link for more information. ) and, with PotchefstroomPotchefstroom
, city, now part and seat of Tlokwe local municipality, North West prov. (in what formerly was part of Transvaal), NE South Africa. Located in a fertile farming region, Potchefstroom is the center of one of the world's richest gold-mining districts.
..... Click the link for more information. , was one of the first European towns founded in the Transvaal. Gold mining began in 1886 but declined in the late 1890s. Heavy fighting occurred in the area during the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
..... Click the link for more information. (1899–1902). Gold mining revived in 1932, and the town underwent an economic revival, which accelerated after World War II.
a city in the Republic of South Africa in the southwestern province of Transvaal; population, 65,000 (1969).
Klerksdorp is a transport junction and an important gold- and uranium-mining center. Its industries are cement, meat, and flour production. The city is the trade and distribution center of an agricultural region. It was founded in the first half of the 19th century.