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(klŏn`dīk), region of YukonYukon,
territory (2001 pop. 28,674), 207,076 sq mi (536,327 sq km), NW Canada. Geography and Climate

The triangle-shaped territory is bordered on the N by the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean, on the E by the Northwest Territories, on the S by British Columbia and
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, NW Canada, just E of the Alaska border. It lies around Klondike River, a small stream that enters the Yukon River from the east at Dawson. The discovery in 1896 of rich placer gold deposits in Bonanza (Rabbit) Creek, a tributary of the Klondike, caused the Klondike stampede of 1897–98. News of the discovery reached the United States in July, 1897, and within a month thousands of people were rushing north. Most landed at Skagway at the head of Lynn Canal and crossed by Chilkoot or White Pass to the upper Yukon, which they descended to Dawson. Others went in by the Copper River Trail or over the Teslin Trail by Stikine River and Teslin Lake, and some by the all-Canadian Ashcroft and Edmonton trails. The rush continued by these passes all the following winter. The other main access route was up the Yukon River, c.1,600 mi (2,575 km), by steamer. Many of those using this route late in 1897 were caught by winter ice below Fort Yukon and had to be rescued. With unexpected thousands in the region a food famine threatened, and supplies were commandeered and rationed. The number in the Klondike in 1898 was c.25,000. Thousands of others who did not find claims drifted down the Yukon and found placer gold in Alaskan streams, notably at Nome, to which there was a new rush. Others went back to the United States. Gold is still mined in the area. The hardships of the trails and the color of Klondike days are described in many personal narratives; among the best are W. B. Haskell's Two Years in the Klondike (1898) and James Wickersham's Old Yukon (1938).


See W. S. Greever, The Bonanza West (1986).



a river in northwestern Canada, a right tributary of the Yukon.

The Klondike, 180 km long, originates in the Mackenzie Mountains and empties into the Yukon at the city of Dawson. The river is fed by snow, and the high-water period occurs in spring. The Klondike gold-mining region, famous for the “gold fever” caused by the discovery of gold deposits in the area in the late 19th century, is located in the river’s basin. During the region’s heyday (in the early 20th century) its population grew to 30,000. When the deposits were depleted the importance of the region fell abruptly and the population decreased to 1,000-2,000. Gold is mined today only on a small scale. The city of Dawson is the largest population center in the Klondike.


the scene of wild rush for riches (1886). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 269]
See: Frenzy


1. a region of NW Canada, in the Yukon in the basin of the Klondike River: site of rich gold deposits, discovered in 1896 but largely exhausted by 1910. Area: about 2100 sq. km (800 sq. miles)
2. a river in NW Canada, rising in the Yukon and flowing west to the Yukon River. Length: about 145 km (90 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Any sport, community or musical groups who want to give the Klondike - which is returning on Sunday, April 29 - an added layer of entertainment or celebration can bid for a grant of up to PS1,000 from an overall pot of PS15,000.
SanbornAEs story about his experiences in the Klondike Gold Rush and stampede in 1898 and 1899, written in 1932 and drawn from his memory, letters home, and diary, and including drawings, photos, handbills, travel receipts, and minerAEs certificates.
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park was created in 1976 to preserve and interpret the historic structures, trails, artifacts, landscapes, and stories associated with the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897-98.
The helpful appendices include glossaries of Gold Rush terms and of notable Klondike places, an essay on how prospectors made and filed claims, and a timeline of London's life, followed by a bibliography and index.
The new company will manufacture its Klondike CoolPipe range, a first for Qatar, designed to cool high temperature environments not adequately or efficiently cooled by AC systems.
The book itself derives inspiration from the real life historical event of the Klondike Gold Rush, also known as the Alaska Gold Rush or the Yukon Gold Rush.
Dalton's gold rush trail; exploring the route of the Klondike cattle drives.
Idaho Falls, Idaho-based Potandon Produce is launching its Klondike family of potatoes nationally with the first episode of an online story book that can be found online at www.
Canadian exploration company Klondike Gold Corp (TSX-V:KG.
Having travelled the Pacific Northwest of Canada and Alaska quite extensively over the years I have become fascinated by the story of The Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s.
However, having travelled the Pacific Northwest and Alaska quite extensively over the years, I have become fascinated by the story of the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s.