Kniagininskii, Petr

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kniagininskii, Petr Petrovich


(according to some sources, Petr Pavlovich). Born circa 1839; died in the late 1870’s. Russian inventor.

Kniagininskii built the first automatic composing machine in 1866–67, for which he received the privilege in Russia in 1869 and patents in a number of other countries. His automatic control principle (using punched tape) was the basis for subsequent designs for composing machines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.