Knitting Needle


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Knitting Needle

 

the principal part of the loop-forming mechanism of knitting machines. The knitting needle, made of wire or flat steel, is 25–100 mm long and 0.3–1 mm thick. The size of the loop depends on the thickness of the needle: the thinner the needle, the smaller the loop it can make and the more loops that can be formed per unit of fabric width. The most common types of knitting machine needles are classified as latch, spring, and compound needles.

The hook of a latch needle is opened and closed by a latch, which is activated by a loop as the loop slides along the needle. The needle is provided with a butt or butts so that it may be inserted into the groove of the needle cylinder; the number of butts depends on the design of the knitting machine. In addition to single-hook needles there are also double-hook needles with two latches. Latch needles are used in virtually all types of machines that have raschel knitting action.

The hook of a spring needle has an elongated shape. During loop formation, a special device called a presser forces the hook down into a groove on the needle, preventing the loop from catching on the hook. Spring needles are usually rigidly fixed in the needle cylinder by means of a butt. They are used in warp machines of the Vertelka type (raschel machines), as well as loop-wheel machines, multisection spring-wheel frames, and other machines that have warp knitting action.

Compound needles consist of a hollow rod with a hook and a sliding member (latch) that moves inside a groove in the rod to close the hook. The needles are rigidly secured in the needle cylinder and are used in warp machines of the Vertelka type, which have raschel knitting action.

I. I. SHALOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Scotland Yard have appealed for information from anyone who can tell the police where the flowers were bought or to whom they were sold, and similar information about the knitting needles.
As she peeled off her coat, and then her sweater--there it was: The broken end of a size 11, foot long wooden knitting needle, about the width of a drinking straw, sticking out of the center of her chest, right at heart level.
A HOSPITAL was branded barmy yesterday after it took away knitting needles used by patients because they might be a health hazard.
The change in the fortunes of the humble knitting needle began in the Big Apple back in 1999.
It all started when we'd gone out to get the groceries and I'd spotted said knitting needles and yarn at a bargain price.
NEW YORK -- The Coalition for Luggage Security responded to the latest bureaucratic, politically correct decision to permit knives and knitting needles on commercial aircraft in Time Magazine's November 14, 2005 article, entitled "Putting a Finer Point On Airport Security.
When quite young I would employ a knitting needle for the purpose of directing a record or radio recital of melodies from the received repertoire.
A 90-YEAR-OLD woman tried to defend herself with a knitting needle against a gang of burglars who threatened to smother her.
Mrs Owen told the court that after the birth in 1973 in Dalkey, Co Dublin, A came up with a scissors and knitting needle.
It has its critics, but who could not fail to admire the stark simplicity of this enormous knitting needle in the sky?
Steve, who was left confined to a wheelchair when a knitting needle pierced his neck at the age of 10, said: 'MG/ Rover in Cardiff have sponsored me.