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(both: nŏs`əs), ancient city of Crete, on the north coast, near modern Iráklion. The site was occupied long before 3000 B.C., and it was the center of an important Bronze Age culture. It is from a study of the great palace, as well as other sites in Crete, that knowledge of the Minoan civilizationMinoan civilization
, ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. It was named for the legendary King Minos of Crete by Sir Arthur Evans, the English archaeologist who conducted excavations there in the early 20th cent.
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 has been drawn. The city was destroyed c.1700 B.C. (possibly by earthquake, perhaps by invasion) and was splendidly rebuilt only to be destroyed again c.1400 B.C., possibly by an earthquake, by invaders from the Greek mainland, or both. This marked the end of Minoan culture. The palace was restored by Sir Arthur EvansEvans, Sir Arthur John,
1851–1941, English archaeologist. He was (1884–1908) keeper of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. From 1900 to 1935 he conducted excavations on the Greek island of Crete, principally at Knossos, and there uncovered the remains of a previously
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, the English archaeologist who excavated (1900–35) the site. Based on fragmentary evidence, his reconstructions have proved to be controversial, as have the celebrated Knossos frescoes whose fragmentary remains were extensively restored by artists in the 1920s. Knossos later became an ordinary but flourishing Greek city, and it continued to exist through the Roman period until the 4th cent. A.D. In Greek legend it was the capital of King MinosMinos
, in Greek mythology, king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. He was the husband of Pasiphaë, who bore him Androgeus, Glaucus, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Because Minos failed to sacrifice a beautiful white bull to Poseidon, the god caused Pasiphaë to conceive a lustful
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 and the site of the labyrinth. The name also appears as Cnosus and Knossus.


See Sir A. J. Evans, Palace of Minos (4 vol., 1921–35); L. Cottrell, Bull of Minos (1953); L. R. Palmer, A New Guide to the Palace of Knossos (1969); C. Gere, Knossos and the Prophets of Modernism (2009).

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, Cnossus
a ruined city in N central Crete: remains of the Minoan Bronze Age civilization
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A fresco of the Prince of the Lilies, which is displayed in the Palace of Minos in Knossos, CRETE
The Palace Knossos It's right on the beach but there are also two large outdoor pools and 25 private ones for VIP rooms and suites.
The scribes of Knossos wrote in Linear B around 1450 BCE.
After five years of hard work, most of the palace was opened up for visitors to come and wonder at Knossos' ancient beauty.
Die artikel sluit af met 'n kort oorweging van die liminale beduidenis van die Knossos Labirint se ligging op Kreta.
The KNOSSOS software considerably reduces the time required: It is about 50 times faster than other programs used up to now.
Of all the peddlers of scientific spirituality, perhaps none was quite so passionately effective as the eccentric British antiquarian Arthur Evans, whose excavation and reconstruction of the Palace of Knossos on the island of Crete began in 1900 when he was 49.
Dnata also offers a stay at the Aldemar Royal Mare hotel in the Greek island of Crete, which is not just the home of the Minoan civilisation and the world-famous Knossos Palace -- it also hosts a fun and fascinating array of festivals.
The ancient Trypilian civilization, discovered in what is now Ukraine, was lost to history for millennia until 1896, when it was uncovered during the great age of archaeological exploration that also unearthed Troy, Mycenae, Knossos, and the civilizations of Mesopotamia; the Trypilian culture predates all of them.
An example is the hemoglobin variant Hb Knossos, which presents as a thalassemia major when co-inherited with the [[beta].sup.0]-thalassemia, IVSII-745.