Kobresia

Kobresia

 

a genus of plants of the family Cyperaceae. They are perennial caespitose grasses with linear or setiform blades. The inflorescence is spicate or, less frequently, paniculate. The spikelets have between two and seven flowers and are monoecious; the bracts are either open or, more rarely, partially subtended. The flowers are unisexual and do not have a perianth. There are three stamens and usually three stigmata. Approximately 40 species are distributed in the temperate and cold regions of the northern hemisphere, primarily in Asia. Kobresia is typically found on high mountains, where it frequently forms meadows. The ten to 12 species found in the USSR are distributed in Middle Asia, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, the Altai, the Urals, and the arctic regions. Some species are valuable for grazing. The most important species used for fodder are Kobresia capilliformis, which covers broad areas in the Tien-Shan and the Pamirs, K. bellardii, and K. filifolia.

REFERENCE

Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
were the common genus in 4 types of grassland, polygonum viviparum, grass steppe, swamp meadow and kobresia meadow (Zhang et al.
Consequently, it consists only of long branches, as described by Kobresia macrolepis Meinsh and K.
The study showed that alpine meadow plants such as Kobresia unfold their leaves regardless of changes in temperature, as they are more sensitive to rainfall.
Furthermore Gramineae (Kobresia pygmaea Kobresia humilis Kobresia capillifolia) and Cyperaceae (Sitipa purpurea Elymus nutans Poa.
1984); (ii) Alpine -Pyrenean-Carpathian swards dominated by Kobresia myosuroides (class Carici rupestris-Kobresietea myosuroidis) only found in the central massif of the Picos de Europa, and (iii) high-mountain communities of the class Festuco hystricis-Ononidetea striatae, mainly represented in continental areas of the central Cantabrian range (MARTINEZ & MAYOR, 1974; Amigo & al.
Hitchcock (Gray's draba), and home to two rare plants of Colorado, Parnassia kotzebuei Chamisso ex Sprengel (Kotzebue's grass-of-Parnassus) and Kobresia simpliciuscula (Wahlenberg) Mackenzie (simple bog sedge; J.
Kobresia myosuroides (kobresia) vegetation occurs on sites with subxeric conditions and limited winter snow cover (Douglas et al.
Asteroids 1227 through 1234 are named 1227 Geranium, 1228 Scabiosa, 1229 Tilia, 1230 Riceia, 1231 Auricula, 1232 Cortusa, 1233 Kobresia, 1234 Elyna.
Bao XK, Zhao BL (1989) A preliminary study of the effect of soil N, P on the primary production of Kobresia humilis meadow.
Non-mycorrhizal uptake of amino acids by roots of the alpine sedge Kobresia myosuroides: implications for the alpine nitrogen cycle.
Our taxonomic concept of Carex is updated following Global Carex Group (2015) and includes the formerly recognized satellite genera Kobresia Willd.
The species in summer pasture were: Kobresia huimlis, Stipa aliena, Lancea tibetica, Kobresia pygmaea, Gentiana squarrosa, Leontopodium leontopodioides, Thalictrum alpinum, Oxytropis deflexa, Saussurea superba, Potentilla fruticosa, Taraxacum brevirostre, Potentilla anserine, Poa calliopsis, Potentilla multifida, Leontopodium nanum.