Kocher, Emil Theodor

Kocher, Emil Theodor

(ā`mĭl tā`ōdôr kôkh`ər), 1841–1917, Swiss surgeon, M.D. Univ. of Bern, 1865. He was professor of surgery at Bern (1872–1911). For his work on the physiology, pathology, and surgery of the thyroid gland—which he was the first (1876) to excise in cases of goiter—he received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Medicine. He was a skilled surgeon and a pioneer in the application of asepsis. His works include a textbook on operative surgery (1894).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kocher, Emil Theodor


Born Aug. 25, 1841, in Bern; died there July 27, 1917. Swiss surgeon; one of the pioneers of modern aseptic abdominal surgery.

Kocher graduated from the medical faculty of the University of Bern in 1865, having been a student of T. T. Billroth and B. Langenbeck. From 1872 to 1911 he was director of the surgical clinic of the University of Bern.

Kocher elaborated the surgical access to all of the major joints of the human body. He proposed a number of new surgical instruments (hemostatic forceps, a grooved probe for goiter operations, a glass drainage tube, stomach forceps), which now bear his name. Kocher was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1909 for his work on the surgical treatment of affections of the thyroid gland. He was an honorary member of many foreign scientific institutions and societies, including the N. I. Pirogov Russian Surgical Society.


In Russian translation:
Rukovodstvo k operativnoi khirurgii. St. Petersburg, 1898.
Uchenie o khirurgicheskikh operatsiiakh, parts 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1909-11.


Rosnovskii, A. A. “Teodor Kokher (K 50-letiiu so dnia smerti).” Khirurgiia, 1968, no. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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