Zoltán Kodály

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Kodály, Zoltán

 

Born Dec. 16, 1882, in Kecskemét; died Mar. 6, 1967, in Budapest. Hungarian composer, musicologist, folklorist, teacher, and public figure. One of the founders of the modern Hungarian national school of music. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1945; president, 1946–49).

From 1900 to 1095, Kodály was a student in the philosophy department at the University of Sciences in Budapest. At the same time, he studied composition under J. Koessler at the Academy of Music. In 1907 he became a teacher of music theory at the academy; from 1908 to 1940 he was a professor of composition there. Kodály trained several generations of Hungarian musicians. While serving as the vice-president of the Academy of Music, Kodály in 1919 (during the existence of the Hungarian Soviet Republic) drafted plans for democratic reforms in music with B. Bartók. After the establishment of the Horthy regime, he was forced to interrupt his teaching activity until 1921.

In 1905, Kodály began collecting and studying Hungarian musical folklore (he compiled approximately 3,500 Hungarian folk songs and dances). He and B. Bartók were the most important researchers of Hungarian folk music. Kodály published collections of variants of folk tunes and a great deal of material concerning ethnology and musical folklore. His most significant research works include Pentatonic Scale in Magyar Folk Music and Magyar Folk Song.

Kodály’s best musical works, which include the opera Háry János (1926), Psalmus Hungarius (for tenor, chorus, and orchestra; 1923), symphonic variations (1939), orchestral dance music, choral works, and chamber music, are based on unique interpretations of national melodies, which are combined with contemporary musical expression. Kodály conducted his own works in Hungary and abroad. His music is distinguished by its pulsating energy and by the originality of its harmony, which is enriched by the use of a pentatonic scale and elements of mode and meter from Hungarian folk music.

Kodály became the president of the Hungarian Association of Musicians in 1947; he also served as the chairman of the Hungarian Musicology Society. He was awarded honorary doctorates at the universities of Cluj, Budapest, and Oxford. In 1958, Kodály was appointed the chairman of the music section of the Hungary-USSR Society. He was awarded the Kossuth Prize in 1948, 1952, and 1957.

REFERENCES

Zoltan Kodai. Budapest, 1952. (Collection of articles.)
Martynov, I. Zoltan Kodai: 1882–1967. Moscow, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 239–48.)
Emlékkönyv Kodály Zoltán. Budapest, 1953.
Young, P. M. Z. Kodaly: A Hungarian Musician. London, 1964.
Eösze, L. Kodály Zoltán. Budapest, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of us focused on preparing the unit using Kodaly inspired ideas such as a cappella singing, sol-fa and rhythm reading, and hand signs, while the other worked with Orff creation using the instrumentarium and body percussion to enhance the experience.
This concert of major Beethoven interleaved with minor Bartok and Kodaly satisfied on both levels.
Kodaly's Missa Brevis was written DURINGWW2 and first performed during the siege of Budapest.
Arpad Toth from Hungary, a young but experienced choral conductor and music teacher who rethought the Kodaly concept for the 21st century.
To describe these methods in one word, "Kodaly is singing, Orff is improvising and Dalcroze is movement." I used to tell my education students, I don't care which method you use, I care about how you teach it and when you teach it.
4 but first came Dances of Galanta, composed in the 1930s by the Hungarian Zoltan Kodaly.
Abril and Gault have also created a companion website that contains video samples of experiences of Kodaly, Orff, World Music Pedagogy and Music Learning Theory "classes."
If the choir's rendition of Purcell's I was Glad was the weak point of the evening, it's performance of Kodaly's Missa Brevis was an undoubted highlight.
Jaccard offers a biography of Hungarian composer, writer, and teacher Szonyi, looking in particular for why and how Hungary production composers such as Bartok, Kodaly, Szonyi, and many others have been so personally engaged with music education.
* The Kodaly Context Creating An Environment for Musical Learning by Lois Choksy ISBN-13:9780135166741 Prentice Hall
Peter Sulski and Ariana Falk, members of the Worcester Chamber Music Society, played a medley of Irish jigs, Bartok duets and a movement of Kodaly.
New Delhi, Apr.21 ( ANI ): It came as a surprise to me to see a largely Indian-dominant audience attend a Western Classical concert performed by Hungary's famed Kodaly String Quartet here over the weekend.