Kurt Koffka

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Kurt Koffka
Birthday
BirthplaceBerlin, German Empire
Died

Koffka, Kurt

 

Born Mar. 18, 1886, in Berlin; died Nov. 22, 1941, in Northampton, Mass. German-American psychologist; one of the founders of gestalt psychology.

Koffka was a student of C. Stumpf. He became an assistant professor in 1911 and a professor in 1918 (to 1924) at the University of Giessen. In 1927 he became a professor at Smith College in Northampton, Mass. Together with M. Wertheimer and W. Köhler, Koffka published the journal Psychologische Forschungy, the principal organ of gestalt psychology. Lecturing in the USA and Great Britain during the early 1920’s, he played an important role in the worldwide popularization of gestalt psychology. His most important work, Principles of Gestalt Psychology (1935), is a fundamental summary of the achievements of the gestalt school. Koffka was the first of the gestalt psychologists to address himself to problems of the psychological development of the child (1921).

WORKS

Principles of Gestalt Psychology, 3rd ed. New York, 1950.
In Russian translation: “Samonabliudenie i metod psikhologii.” In the anthology Problemy sovremennoi psikhologii. Moscow, 1926.
Osnovy psikhicheskogo razvitiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.

A. A. PUZYREI

References in periodicals archive ?
Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler, Kurt Koffka e Rudolph Arnheim fizeram parte da corrente gestaltista que estudava os fenomenos da visao a fim de organizar uma sintaxe para a leitura de representacoes graficas.
This, in turn, has theoretical-empirical confirmation from cognitive psychology, which worked in the field of cognitive perception of the human being already in its infancy with Koffka (1926) and its law of constancy of the figure, problematized years later when put into practice in the experiments with figures of Labov (1973), which led Rosch (1975) to propose that in every categorization/conceptualization there is a fixed nucleus or prototype--here, the cognition meaning represented by the Spanish word and its semantema-, and some properties or gradual features -here, the significant features that represent, characterizing it, the new reality until that unknown moment -, which can lead to a fuzzy or only approximate categorization (ALONSO-CORTES, 2015).
El libro documenta durante este periodo lecturas de Weber, Russell, Quine, Carnap, Reichenbach, Fleck, Koffka y Whorf, mas el primer encuentro con Popper en 1950.
En la modernidad, el principio central de la psicologia de la percepcion sensorial de la Gestalt es el de pragnanz o precision: la mente humana ordena la experiencia de manera regular y simple formando un todo global, con tendencias hacia la organizacion, que constituye una realidad propia e independiente de las partes que la componen (Koffka, 2014).
La Gestalt es un movimiento que nacio en Alemania bajo la autoria de los investigadores Wertheimer, Koffka y Kohler durante las primeras decadas del siglo XX (Oviedo, 2004).
Following that he became the research fellow of Kurt Koffka, the well-known Gestalt psychologist, at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, who had recently emigrated from Germany.
In this workshop, we intend to do justice not only to the better-known Koffka and Kohler, but the problem-solving approach of Wertheimer, the field approach of Kurt Lewin, and the visceral psychodynamics of Fritz Perls.
Wertheimer, Kohler, Koffka y Lewin fueron los fundadores y difusores de las tecnicas de intervencion gestaltica.
(8) Segun la psicologia de la Gestalt o psicologia de la forma desarrollada por Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler y Kurt Koffka, la mente configura y organiza los elementos que llegan a ella a traves de los canales sensoriales (percepcion) o de la memoria (pensamiento, inteligencia y resolucion de problemas).
These theories, constructive in character, use molar units due to their important character, and are considered by authors such as Piaget (1975), Vygotsky (1996) and the Gestalt school (Koffka, 2013; Perls, 1969).
Se trata, pues, de un trabajo que deberia ser complementado con la referencia a otras personalidades como Wilhem Wund o Sigmund Freud y, mas recientemente, a las de Theodor Lipps, Kurt Lewin, Carl Jung, Carl Stumpf, Wilhem Ostwald o Kurt Koffka.
All the great breakthroughs, the great innovations have come from European psychologists; all the brands of psychoanalysis, Freud, Adler, Jung, Rank, Fromm, Horney; all the Gestalt psychologists, Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler, Lewin; the Rorschach test; Goldstein's organismic psychology.