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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Korean tribe; later, the name of one of three early feudal states (Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla).

By the first century A.D., the Koguryo (or Guryo) tribe occupied the territory along the middle course of the Amnok (Yalu) River. The first detailed description of the tribe was given in a Chinese dynastic history (San kuo chih, third century A.D.). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations and the emergence of classes, iron implements were widespread among the Koguryo. Feudal relations based on royal ownership of the land gradually developed. The Koguryo capital was located in the city of Hwangdo (modern Chi-an, in northeastern China); at the beginning of the fifth century, it was moved to Pyongyang. Koguryo attained its greatest power at the end of the fourth century. In 612, Koguryo repelled an assault by the Sui dynasty. In 668, Koguryo was defeated by the T’ang dynasty, which mounted an attack together with Silla. The T’ang dynasty seized the lands north of the Taedong River, while the southern territory was taken over by Silla.

Archaeological remains and examples of the fine arts bear witness to the highly developed and unique culture of the Koguryo.


Dzharylgasinova, R. Sh. Drevnie kogurestsy. Moscow, 1972.
Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Korean.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2004, as noted earlier, the Koguryo history controversy had an adverse impact on South Korea's view of China.
Chapter 3, "Between Roman and Chinese Legions," discusses Romans, Franks, Sarmatians, Alans, Huns, Goths, Parthians, Sakas, Tokharians, Wusun, Kushans, Xiongnu, Chinese, Xianbei, the Koguryo, and several others.
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''China is mindful of the fact the Koguryo question has emerged as a significant pending issue between the two countries,'' according to the understanding.
However, in the early 2000s, new claims in China that the country is the successor to the ancient kingdom of Koguryo began to undermine the basis for South Koreans' warm feelings about the PRC.
It explores the recent rising anti-China ethos in Korea, triggered by the Chinese so-called Northeastern Project, in which China attempts to incorporate the history of Koguryo into its own history.
The ancient kingdom of Koguryo, traditionally believed to have been founded in 37 B.C., ruled a vast region extending from Manchuria to the Korean Peninsula until 668.
In a meeting with Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei, Vice Foreign Minister Choi Young Jin said any Chinese attempt to lay claim to Koguryo, an ancient Korean kingdom, will never be pardoned, Yonhap said, citing South Korean officials.
Jia's trip to South Korea will come at a time that bilateral ties between Seoul and Beijing have become strained over China's abrupt claim earlier this year that the ancient kingdom of Koguryo, which controlled the upper part of the Korean Peninsula and much of the Manchuria region of northeastern China from 37 B.C.
In Koguryo (Gaogou [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), roughly northern Korea, crowds of both sexes would gather together for musical performances at night.
While details of Park's discussions were not immediately available, he had earlier said he planned to tell Chinese officials that the ancient Koguryo kingdom is an ''inseparable'' part of Korea's history and China should stop distorting the ''indisputable'' historical fact.