Kokoshnik


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kokoshnik

 

in architecture, a false zakomara (parapet over the extrados of the vaulting), having a purely decorative purpose. Kokoshniki are placed on walls and arches; they are also arranged in receding tiers at the base of tent-like and drum-like cupolas of church buildings. Kokoshniki were typical features of 17th-century Russian architecture. They also appeared on some 16th-century buildings.


Kokoshnik

 

an Old Russian headdress worn by married women. In the 19th century it was worn among women of the merchant and peasant classes (mainly in the northern provinces). In the pre-Petrine period it was worn also by women of the boyar class. The word kokoshnik was derived from the ancient Slavic work kokosh, which means hen or rooster. The kokoshnik’s distinguishing feature was its crest, which varied in form in different provinces. The headdress had a hard base, which was decorated with brocade, braid, glass beads, other types of beads, and pearls. Wealthy women wore kokoshniki that were adorned with precious stones.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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On display with the dress for the first time will be the Greville Emerald Kokoshnik Tiara the princess wore on her wedding day on October 12 last year, at St George's Chapel in Windsor.
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The true cherry on top was the 1919 Greville Emerald Kokoshnik Tiara, which has been lent to Eugenie by the Queen.
Shunning a veil, she wore the Queen's Greville Emerald Kokoshnik tiara, made by jeweller Boucheron in 1919, featuring a 93.7 carat stone.
Eugenie was also wearing the Greville Emerald Kokoshnik Tiara loaned to her by her grandmother the Queen.
She did, however, wear the dazzling Greville Emerald Kokoshnik tiara, lent to her by her grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II.
QUEEN ALEXANDRA'S RUSSIAN KOKOSHNIK TIARA If Ms Markle wanted to go all out and pick one of the largest tiaras, she could opt for this impressive fringe headdress.
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