Kokuryukai

Kokuryukai

 

(Black Dragon Society; Black Dragon is the Chinese and Japanese name for the Amur River), an ultra-nationalist reactionary organization in Japan from 1901 to 1946. Kokuryukai was closely linked with the military leadership and the monopolistic bourgeoisie. It originated as an anti-Russian society. A broad network of organizations was created in many countries in Asia; it was used for intelligence, subversion, and the propaganda of Pan-Asiaticism—the chief slogan of the Kokuryukai. In Japan the Kokuryukai propagated extreme chauvinism and opposed progressive democratic forces. The traditions of the Kokuryukai are continued by the Kokuryu Kurabu (Black Dragon Club), which arose in 1961.

References in periodicals archive ?
Algunos de los principales intelectuales perifericos que se relacionaron con la Kokuryukai durante esta epoca fueron Abdurresid Ibrahim, de la Tartaria; Emilio Aguinaldo, de Filipinas; Sun Yat-sen, de China; Phan Boi Chau, de Vietnam, y Rabindranath Tagore, de India.
En Japon, en tanto, esta realidad fue atendida a traves de organizaciones como la ya mencionada Kokuryukai, o el centro de estudios chinos Toa Dobun Shoin; (20) la ultima obra del panasiatista japones Konoe Atsumaro.
Cabe destacar que la fundacion de la Tung-meng hui se realizo en la casa de uchida Ryohei, lider de la Kokuryukai.
Sin embargo, el caso que mas destaca es el de Rabindranath Tagore, pues su vinculacion con Japon fue especial: visito la isla en tres oportunidades y ahi forjo redes intelectuales con la Kokuryukai, con el poeta Noguchi Yonejiro, y con el padre del panasiatismo, Okakura Tenshin; de hecho, este ultimo estuvo en Santiniketan en 1902, momento que aprovecho para trabajar en su obra "Los ideales del Este".
Un musulman que destaco por tener fluidos contactos con Japon fue Abdurresid Ibrahim, un panislamista proveniente de la region de Tartaria que viajo a este pais en 1908 y se unio a la Kokuryukai.
However, a perusal of the literature put out by the Genyosha and the Kokuryukai would show that by "Asia" the writers usually meant only China and Korea.
13) There were still some remnants of the pan-Asianists of the Genyosha and the Kokuryukai who gave minimal support to General Artemio Ricarte who, instead of pledging allegiance to the U.
7 Reprints of the publications of the Kokuryukai are in Kokuryukai kankei shiryo-shu [Collection of Kokuryukai Publications] (Tokyo: Kashiwa Shobo, 1992) 10 vols.
8 On the contacts between Filipino revolutionaries and some members of the Genyosha and the Kokuryukai, Josefa M.