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Kolín(kô`lēn), city (1991 pop. 31,595), central Czech Republic, in Bohemia, on the Elbe (Labe) River. It is a river port with metal and chemical industries; automobiles are produced nearby. The city also has a petroleum refinery and a hydroelectric station. Founded in the 13th cent., Kolín grew rapidly after the construction (19th cent.) of the Vienna-Prague railway. The 13th-century Church of St. Bartholomew is noted for its Gothic choir.
a city in Czechoslovakia, in the Czech Socialist Republic, in Central Bohemia. Port on the Elbe River. Population, 27,300 (1971). Railroad junction. It has machine-building (railroad cars and electrical equipment), chemical, and food-processing industries.