These questions are as follows: "Were there any non-pharmacologic interventions applied for pain relief?", "What are the non-pharmacologic interventions applied for pain relief?", "Who applied this intervention to you for pain relief?" Finally, this study included The General Comfort Scale which was developed by Kolcaba in 1992 (Kolcaba 1992) and its validity and reliability in a Turkish setting was tested by Kuguoglu and Karabacak in 2004 (Kuguoglu and Karabacak 2008).
An orientation to Comfort Theory (Kolcaba, 2003), with its inherent emphasis on simultaneous physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental aspects of comfort, will contribute to a well-articulated, multifaceted approach to pediatric education, practice, and research.
O conforto nesse momento, a partir de sua concepcao na Teoria de Katharine Kolcaba, surge a partir da satisfacao da mulher diante do nascimento do filho(a), envolvendo tanto aspectos fisicos, como emocionais.
Kolcaba's Comfort Theory proposes an important relationship between patient comfort, patient behaviors that move the patient toward a state of well-being, and outcomes (Kolcaba & Wilson, 2002; Wagner, Byrne, & Kolcaba, 2006).
"Teaching provides daily opportunities to illuminate depths of caring in nursing that most nursing students may not ordinarily ponder, for example, core concepts of caring described Jean Watson, comfort as clarified by Katharine Kolcaba, cultural caring articulated by Madeleine Leininger, and health as expanding consciousness developed by Margaret Newman."