Kolguev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kolguev

 

an island in the southeastern part of the Barents Sea, 75 km from the Soviet mainland, part of the Nenets NO, Arkhangel’sk Oblast, RSFSR. Area, 3,200 sq km. The terrain, at an elevation of 70–80 m, is extremely hilly, with morainic hills. The southern part of the island is a flat plain. There are many lakes and swamps. The coastlines, which are slightly jagged, are steep and high in the northwest. The island is composed of sandstone and clay deposits and has tundra vegetation. Mammals found there include the arctic fox; other foxes are also encountered. Many birds, primarily waterfowl, nest there in summer. Reindeer-breeding, fishing, and hunting have been developed. The populated area of Bugrino is on Kolguev Island.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
include such islands as Novaya Zemlya, Kolguev, Vaigach and other
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis abundance on Kolguev Island-current status and history of population growth.
On Kolguev Island, a small increase has occurred, perhaps in response to increases in numbers of Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis, the eggs and chicks of which constitute the principal prey in summer (Ganter et al., 1999; Zockler et al., 2009).
Status und Okologie der Eismowe Larus hyperboreus auf der russischen Insel Kolgujew in der Barentssee [Status and ecology of the Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus on the Russian Kolguev Island in the Barents Sea].
Region Period Breeding pairs Colonies SE Barents Sea 1960-94 1500 Kolguev Island 2000s [less than or equal to] 700 Kolokolkova Bay 2000s 900-1200 > 10 area Novaya Zemlya 1936-96 1000 55 Novaya Zemlya 1950s 8500 Franz Josef Land 2000s 2000-3000 > 100 Severnaya Zemlya 1990s < 1000 Archipelago Wrangel Island 1970s-80s 250-1000 Chukotka Peninsula 1983-91 > 1000 50 Russian Bering Sea 1980s-2000s > 1500 70 Region Source SE Barents Sea Bakken and Tertitski, 2000 Kolguev Island Zockler et al., 2009 Kolokolkova Bay Mineev and Mineev, 2000; WWF area Russia, unpubl.