Kolguev

Kolguev

 

an island in the southeastern part of the Barents Sea, 75 km from the Soviet mainland, part of the Nenets NO, Arkhangel’sk Oblast, RSFSR. Area, 3,200 sq km. The terrain, at an elevation of 70–80 m, is extremely hilly, with morainic hills. The southern part of the island is a flat plain. There are many lakes and swamps. The coastlines, which are slightly jagged, are steep and high in the northwest. The island is composed of sandstone and clay deposits and has tundra vegetation. Mammals found there include the arctic fox; other foxes are also encountered. Many birds, primarily waterfowl, nest there in summer. Reindeer-breeding, fishing, and hunting have been developed. The populated area of Bugrino is on Kolguev Island.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Department of Natural Resources, Ecology and Agro-Industrial Complex of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug continues preparations for a massive miscalculation of the herd of the island of Kolguev, which it decided to hold in the Year of Reindeer Husbandry.
At the end of last year, the NAO authorities approved a "road map" for the rehabilitation and development of reindeer herding on the island of Kolguev.
According to industry experts, this is due to the fact that the territory of Kolguev consists of a huge number of hills and canyons, which make it difficult to collect all the deer in one place.
Separate sets of base points are also located on single islands: Kolguev (two points); three of the islands of the Zemlya Frantsa-Iosifa archipelago, namely Zemlya Alexandry (four points), Zemlya Georga (fourteen points), Zemlya Gallya (four points); one of the islands of the archipelago of Novaya Sibir (6 points); Vrangelya (ten points).
On Kolguev Island, a small increase has occurred, perhaps in response to increases in numbers of Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis, the eggs and chicks of which constitute the principal prey in summer (Ganter et al.
Status und Okologie der Eismowe Larus hyperboreus auf der russischen Insel Kolgujew in der Barentssee [Status and ecology of the Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus on the Russian Kolguev Island in the Barents Sea].
Region Period Breeding pairs Colonies SE Barents Sea 1960-94 1500 Kolguev Island 2000s [less than or equal to] 700 Kolokolkova Bay 2000s 900-1200 > 10 area Novaya Zemlya 1936-96 1000 55 Novaya Zemlya 1950s 8500 Franz Josef Land 2000s 2000-3000 > 100 Severnaya Zemlya 1990s < 1000 Archipelago Wrangel Island 1970s-80s 250-1000 Chukotka Peninsula 1983-91 > 1000 50 Russian Bering Sea 1980s-2000s > 1500 70 Region Source SE Barents Sea Bakken and Tertitski, 2000 Kolguev Island Zockler et al.
Circunda las islas de Nueva Zembla, las de Vaigach Kolguev y Spitzberg.