Kolomenskoe

Kolomenskoe

 

a village (since 1960 part of Moscow); a former grand ducal and imperial country estate, with an architectural ensemble built in the 16th and 17th centuries. It is located on the right, high bank of the Moscow River. Kolomenskoe was first mentioned about 1339 in the testament of Ivan Kalita.

In 1606, the camp for I. Bolotnikov’s detachments was located in Kolomenskoe. In 1662 the reprisal against the participants in the Moscow uprising of that year took place in the village.

An outstanding monument of Russian architecture is located in Kolomenskoe—the Voznesenie Church, one of the first churches built with a high pyramidal roof of stone (1532; brick with white stone details; about 60 m high). The church is symmetrical, with a powerful stress on vertical lines and an internal space that is cruciform in plan; it stands on a raised foundation and has a high, eight-faceted roof with a flat cupola. The narrow pilasters at the four corners, the arrowhead-shaped window frames, the three tiers of ogee-arch kokoshniki (corbeledrout supporting arches), and the peaceful rhythm of the stone arcades of the staircases and the round gallery accent the dynamic vertical emphasis of this uncommonly beautiful building.

The Kolomenskoe complex also includes the five-pillared Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist (1547) in D’iakovo, the overall color scheme of which anticipated the architecture of St. Basil’s Cathedral; the church and bell tower of St. George the Victor (16th century); the Kazan church (1660’s); and the two entrance gates (1670’s). In 1667–71, S. Petrov and I. Mikhailov constructed a wooden palace in Kolomenskoe (partially rebuilt in 1681 by S. Dement’ev), which was, in the opinion of contemporaries, the “eighth wonder of the world.” The palace consisted of picturesquely arranged high frames of ax-hewn timbers, connected by covered passages and canopies; it was decorated with rich carving and internal painting. By 1768 the palace had become dilapidated and was pulled down.

Since 1923, Kolomenskoe has been a branch of the State Historical Museum; it has a collection of decorative art (including 17th century tiles). Other items have also been transported to Kolomenskoe, including the wooden tower from above the gate of the Nikolo-Karel’skii Monastery (1694), a mead distillery from the suburban Moscow village of Preobrazhenskoe (17th century), Peter I’s house from Arkhangel’sk (1702), and the tower from the Bratsk jail (1652). Since 1971, Kolomenskoe has been a museum-preserve, including the site of the fortified town of D’iakovo.

REFERENCES

Podkliuchnikov, V. N. Kolomenskoe. Moscow, 1944.
Meshcherina, V. M. Kolomenskoe. Moscow, 1958.
Gra, M. A. Kolomenskoe. Moscow, 1963.
Kolomenskoe (photo essay). Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electronic auction: purchase and delivery of gasoline ai-95 and dt for vehicles of the mbu "kolomenskoe landscaping" for the 1st quarter of 2018 (plots: neprice, sands, raduzhnoe, okhotsk, provodnikovsky).
In October, nationalist Alexander Belov (Potkin) involved in the case was arrested at Hotel Intourist Kolomenskoe in Moscow.
Considering the lion in this context, the reader can be overcome by a stream-of-consciousness concatenation of images of royal power: the lion of Judah, Solomons throne, the lions of Vladimir, the base of the Throne of Monomakh and the lion footstools of the tsars, Byzantine lions and their counterparts at Kolomenskoe, the lion gates of the ancient world and the lions on the north gate of the Oprichnina Palace and in the decor of the Faceted Chambers (Granovitaia palata), Terem, and Miloslavskii Chambers (later the Poteshnaia palata) in the Kremlin.
Unistream international money transfer network was also there with its own marquee in park's central area, not far from Kolomenskoe wharf.
took a new course toward Kolomenskoe, and then from there to the Vorob'evy
Electronic auction: electronic auction among small business entities for the right to conclude a state contract for capital repair works at the kolomenskoe central district hospital, the children~s polyclinic
(65) In the anti-Petrine "Tract on Shaving" attributed to Patriarch Adrian, beards adorned the superior male; men who shaved made themselves resemble "dumb beasts or dogs" which could "grow whiskers but not beards." (66) But probably the most common usage is illustrated by Aleksei Mikhailovich's call to the troops when he was besieged by the mob at Kolomenskoe in July 1662 during the copper riots: "Save me from these dogs!" (67)