an archaeological culture of the Bronze Age. Named after a burial ground excavated in 1934 at the village of Komarovo in Galich Raion, Ivano-Frankovsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, the culture was widespread in Ciscarpathia, western Podolia, Volyn’, the Middle Bug region, and, to a certain extent, in the Middle Dnieper region. Local variations have been traced.
The Komarovo culture existed in its principal region during the 15th to 12th centuries B.C. and in western Ciscarpathia, until the eight and early seventh centuries B.C. Dwellings dug into the ground and built on the ground are known to have existed in the settlements. Burials were made in mounds or in stone burial grounds with the corpse or ashes in either pits or cists. The artifacts found include pottery, stone tools, and bronze and gold ornaments. The culture belonged to farming and stock-raising tribes. It arose on the basis of the Corded Ware culture and was close to the Trzyniec culture of Poland; evidently, the tribes of these cultures were distant ancestors of the Slavs.
REFERENCESSwiesznikow, J. “Kultura komarowska.” Archeilogia Polski, vol. 12, issue 1. Wroclaw-Warsaw-Kraków, 1967.
Sulimirski, T. Kurhany komarowskie. Stanislawów, 1939.