the language of the Komi-Permiaks, who live in the Komi-Permiak National Okrug in Perm’ Oblast, RSFSR. It belongs to the Permian subgroup of the Finno-Ugric language family and is spoken by 131,200 persons (1970, census).
Komi-Permiak is closely related to Zyrian. There are two main dialects, northern and southern. The Komi-Permiak literary language took shape after the Great October Socialist Revolution on the basis of the southern dialect, with the introduction of the sound  in the form in which it is used in the Zyrian literary language; this was done to bring the two main Komi-Permiak dialects closer together. The spoken form of the southern dialect is characterized by the absence of the sound . Textbooks, sociopolitical literature, and fiction are published in Komi-Permiak, and an anthology is issued periodically.
REFERENCESKomi-permiatskii iazyk. Kudymkar, 1962.
Lytkin, V. I. “Komi-permiatskii iazyk.” In the collection lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.
Kuznetsov, P. S., and A. M. Sporova. Russko-komi-permiatskii slovar’. Kudymkar, 1946.
V. I. LYTKIN