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(kŏm`əndôr') (pl. komondorok), breed of large, powerful working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 recognized as a distinct breed in Hungary since the 9th cent. It stands from 23 1-2 to 31 1-2 in. (60–80 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 75 to 90 lb (34.0–40.8 kg). Its long, smooth, dense coat is white and shaggy, tending to tangle. The ancestral home of the komondor is stated by many authorities to be the Tibet region of China, although others have traced its origin to the Russian Steppes, from whence it was thought to have been brought into Europe with the migration of Huns. Recently, however, evidence has come to light that strongly suggests that the komondor was the guard dog used by Sumerian shepherds in the Tigris-Euphrates valley 7,000 to 8,000 years ago. Whatever its origins, it is one of the oldest European breeds of dogs, the guardian of herds and homes for centuries. Today it is raised for show competition and as a watchdog and pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an old breed of Hungarian sheepdog. The origin of the Komondor has not been precisely established. In appearance and in the character of its woolly coat, the dog is similar to European sheepdogs. Males are 65–80 cm high at the shoulders. The coat is of uniform length (15–25 cm) over the entire body, including head and tail. Its color is white. The komondor is used to guard the flocks (primarily herds of cattle). The komondor is found in many of the countries of Europe and America.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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