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Related to Kongo: congo, Kongo people



a state that existed on the lower course of the Congo River from about the 14th through the 18th centuries. The main inhabitants were the Bakongo.

According to legends, the Kongo state was founded by the chief Nimi-a-Lukeni, or Ntinu Wene, who entered the region leading a detachment of warriors from the area around the Kwango River. The Kongo state reached the summit of its power in the mid-15th century, ruling over several vassal states and chiefdoms, the Loango, Kakongo, and Ngojo on the northern bank of the Congo River and the N’Dongo on the territory of present-day northern Angola. The capital of the state, Mban-za-Kongo (modern Säo Salvador), was a major artisan center and the focal point of the country’s political life. The state was ruled by a king the manikongo, and a council of chiefs played an important role. Feudal relations developing at that time merged with institutions of the clan system; domestic slavery also existed.

The Portuguese began arriving in the area in the late 15th century. The raids of slave traders and the internecine strife fomented by the Portuguese led to the gradual decline of the state beginning in the second half of the 16th century. In 1570 the warlike Jagga tribes, who came from the heart of tropical Africa, destroyed the capital of the Kongo state. They were repulsed with Portuguese aid, but at the price of strengthening Portuguese influence in the country. Growing Portuguese domination and the arbitrary rule of the feudal chiefs provoked a large popular uprising under the leadership of Moula Matadi about 1587. Throughout the 17th century the Portuguese, who had allied themselves with the Jagga, waged numerous wars against the Kongo state, and by the mid-18th century the state had completely disintegrated into warring chiefdoms.


Orlova, A. S. Istoriia gosudarstva Kongo (XVI-XVII vv.). Moscow, 1968.
Ihle, A. Das alte Königreich Kongo. Leipzig, 1929.


References in periodicals archive ?
After Mbanza Kongo, where he will spend the night, the Chief Executive will travel Friday morning to the Soyo oil municipality, the last leg of his working day in the province.
Many Central African peoples, including Kongo speakers, understood spiritual powers to derive from communication with dead ancestors.
Scholars working in the Kongo areas have noticed how relevant bodily positions are in relation to religious affiliation.
* Solar epistemology naturally leads to solar religion, the religion of ancient Egypt, Sumer, which has been preserved in the Kongo culture.
The movement is based in southwest DRC and wants to restore the Ancient Kongo Kingdom which previously straddled parts of Angola, the Republic of Congo and Gabon.
Approximately 1.5 million doses were administered in two mass vaccination campaigns conducted in Kongo Central Province; these campaigns were estimated to have reached 99% administrative vaccination coverage (the number of vaccine doses administered divided by the most recent census estimates for the targeted population).
The change of owner is definitely a good thing and is expected to give fresh momentum to the exhibition and distribution business alike, Kongo said.
LOOKING AT two elephant tusks in the exhibition "Kongo: Power and Majesty," we began to see so much more than was at first visible: Carvings in a sixteenth-century specimen intersect in elaborate looping knots around spiraling bands, while in another--this one from the late nineteenth century--men are chained together and walking atop similar spirals.
Consider the Metropolitan Museum of Art's 19th-century "Power Figure" (in full: "Nkisi N'Kondi: Mangaaka"), created by the Kongo people.
This show about the creative output of Central Africa's Kongo artists presents 134 works from public and private collections.
Calimba said the boy, identified as Niknik Andi and a relative of most of the attackers, was hit by a stray bullet when Binago's men allegedly shot dead a Kadil Kongo in Barangay Kanipaan.
Ethnically, there are three major groups in Congo: Kongo, Teke, and Boulangui.