Maria Konopnicka

(redirected from Konopnicka)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Konopnicka, Maria

 

Born May 23, 1842, in Suwalki; died Oct. 8, 1910, in L’vov. Polish writer.

The daughter of a lawyer, Konopnicka was educated at home. In 1876 she began to publish a series of poems entitled In the Mountains, which was highly praised by H. Sienkiewicz. The principal theme in her works, the life of the rural and urban poor and the importance of serving the people, appeared in her first book of verse, Poetry (vol. 1, 1881), and in the short-story collections Four Stories (1888) and My Friends (1890). Her second and third collections of poems (Poetry; 1883, 1886) show the influence of folklore motifs and poetics, particularly the cycles Pan-pipes, From the Meadows and Fields, From the Hut, On the Dew, and Tears and Songs. After 1890, Konopnicka lived abroad, returning to Galicia in 1902.

Patriotic motifs became more important in her poetry of the 1890’s, mingled with longing for her homeland. Many of her poems of this period were devoted to philosophical themes (Poetry, vol. 4, 1896; Lines and Sounds, 1897). In her prose, Konopnicka explored social conflicts in greater depth, and her psychological portrayals gained complexity. The life of the urban proletariat and the history of the Polish national liberation movement were depicted in the short-story collections On the Road ( 1893), Stories ( 1897), and On the Normandy Beach ( 1904) and in the essays People and Things (1898). Her literary career culminated in the epic poem Mr. Baker in Brazil (1892–1906; complete edition, 1910), dealing with Polish peasant emigrants and reflecting the revolutionary mood of the peasantry. Konopnicka was a leading representative of Polish realism.

WORKS

Pisma wybrane, vols. 1–7. Warsaw, 1951–52.
Nowele, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Warsaw, 1967.
Poezje, 2nd ed. Warsaw, 1967.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1–4. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Piotrovskaia, A. G. “Mania Konopnitskaia.” Istoriia pol’skoi titeratury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
Brodzka, A. M. Konopnicka, 3rd ed. Warsaw, 1965.
Szczepafiska, J. Maria Konopnicka: Poradnik bibliograficzny, 2nd ed. Warsaw, 1965.

V. A. KHOREV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
There are only 21 works, mainly songs for voice and piano, with the words of Polish and foreign poets, including Mieczyslaw Romanowski, Adam Asnyk, Maria Konopnicka, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Lucjan Rydel, Heinrich Heine, Edgar Alan Poe, Christina Rosetti, Abram Joseph Ryan, Laurence Dunbar, and others.
The Polish fairy tale writer Maria Stanislava Konopnicka published a series of children's books and a collection of fairy tales including Jagode (1903) (Strawberries) and Ivana Brlic Mazuranic was a Croatian fairy tale writer who was also a Nobel Prize nominee severasl times in the 1930s: she published collections including Cudovite dogodivscine vajenca Hlapica (1913) (Wonderful Adventures of the Apprentice Hlapic), Pripovedke iz davnine (1916) (The Fairy Tales from Ancient Times) and Basni in bajke (1943) (Fables and Myths).
Other Slav women authors who received a lot of attention in the Czech literary culture during the second half of the 19th century were Polish Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841-1910) and Maria Konopnicka (1842-1910) as well the Slovene Zofka Kveder (1878-1926).
For instance, in Peretz's plays there are echoes of Stanistaw Wyspianski's dramas, Yankev Glatshteyn uses a quotation from one of Maria Konopnicka's poems as the motto to his autobiographical travel book Ven Yash is geforn (lit.
The oldest, Maksimilian, studied law and history, but while working as a lecturer in Polish in Vienna he fell in love with Polish poet Maria Konopnicka and, rejected, shot himself at her doorstep.
Ceremonijos pabaigoje jungtinis choras ir orkestras atliko himna "Rota" ("Priesaika", tekstas: Maria Konopnicka, muz.
It was a golden age of women's literature, characterized by the poetry of Maria Konopnicka, as well as the novels of Orzeszkowa, Gabriela Zapolska and Zofia Nalkowska, just to name a few.
Konopnicka, Mariaoriginal name Marja Wasilowska pseudonym Jan Sawa (b.
The letters in volume 3 (that itself consists of two volumes) are addressed to writers, such as Maria Konopnicka, J.