Bykov, Konstantin Mikhailovich
Born Jan. 8 (20), 1886, in Chukhloma, now in Kostroma Oblast; died May 13, 1959, in Leningrad. Soviet physiologist; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946) and academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944). Student of I. P. Pavlov.
Bykov graduated from the University of Kazan in 1912 and worked there until 1921. He worked in the Institute of Experimental Medicine from 1921 to 1950. At the same time he was a professor in a number of institutions of higher learning in Leningrad. He became director of the I. P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1950. His main research focused on the functional interrelations between the cerebral cortex and internal organs, the physiology of digestion, and the chemical transmission of excitation. Bykov formulated the theory of the effect of the cerebral cortex on the internal organs and of their sensitivity. He was awarded the Pavlov Prize of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939), the State Prize of the USSR (1946), the Order of Lenin, four other orders, and medals.