Konungr

Konungr

 

(Old Norwegian), a military leader, highest representative of the tribal aristocracy among the Scandinavians in the early Middle Ages.

In the period preceding political unification in Norway, Den-mark, and Sweden, the konungr headed an individual tribe or the population of an area; some konungrs were the leaders of armed bands that lived off war booty and participated in the campaigns of the Vikings. In the Viking Era (ninth to mid-llth centuries) in each of the Scandinavian countries the konungr of one tribe was elevated, subordinating the entire population to himself and eliminating the other konungrs. In the incipient process of the feudalization of society, the konungr changed gradually from the head of a military alliance of tribes into a king, the head of state.

References in periodicals archive ?
ef konungr bannadi eigi if king N forbade not 'if the King did not forbid it'
The strange, allusive Old Norse poem Darrabarljob, embedded in Njals saga, should not be dismissed lightly: the battle was a disaster for the Irar "Irish," the rikr gramr "mighty king" being killed, while the ungr konungr "young king" (evidently Sitriuc) survived--both outcomes procured by female war spirits or valkyries.
"Kenn mer rettan veg tilpess kastala er Artus konungr sittr i: References to Kingship in the Old French Conte du Graal and its Old Norse and Middle English Adaptations".
She freely states her unwillingness to act as a peace pledge in marriage to Siggeir: "[THORN]essu tali tekr konungr vel ok sva synir hans, en hon sjalf var bessa ofus, bi[eth]r [thorn]o fe[eth]r sinn ra[eth]a sem o[eth]ru [thorn]vi sem til hennar toeki" (13) (The king was favorably disposed to the idea, as were his sons, but she herself was against it, although she asked her father to decide about this as he did about other matters concerning her; 4).
Hefi ek [thorn]ar til unit alla hluti at Siggeirr konungr skyldi bana fa.
In Volsunga saga, when he hears of the approach of an enemy army under Alf, Sigmundr konungr ...
En Siggeirr konungr aetlar, at peir se allir daudir Volsungar.